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Banks’ responses to funding liquidity shocks: Lending adjustment, liquidity hoarding and fire sales

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  • de Haan, Leo
  • van den End, Jan Willem

Abstract

The crisis of 2007–2009 has shown that financial market turbulence can lead to huge funding liquidity problems for banks. This paper provides empirical evidence on banks’ responses to market funding shocks, using data of seventeen of the largest Dutch banks over the period January 2004–April 2010. The dynamic interrelations among instruments of bank liquidity management are modelled in a panel Vector Autoregressive (p-VAR) framework. Orthogonalized impulse responses reveal that banks respond to a negative funding liquidity shock in a number of ways. First, banks reduce lending, especially wholesale lending. Second, banks hoard liquidity in the form of liquid bonds and central bank reserves. Third, banks conduct fire sales of securities, especially equity. Fourth, fire sales are triggered by liquidity constraints rather than by solvency constraints. Finally, there is some causality running from fire sales of equity to wholesale lending and liquidity hoarding.

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  • de Haan, Leo & van den End, Jan Willem, 2013. "Banks’ responses to funding liquidity shocks: Lending adjustment, liquidity hoarding and fire sales," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 26(C), pages 152-174.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:intfin:v:26:y:2013:i:c:p:152-174
    DOI: 10.1016/j.intfin.2013.05.004
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    Cited by:

    1. H. Evren Damar & Césaire Meh & Yaz Terajima, 2015. "Effects of Funding Portfolios on the Credit Supply of Canadian Banks," Staff Working Papers 15-10, Bank of Canada.
    2. repec:eee:ememar:v:32:y:2017:i:c:p:168-189 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:eee:jcecon:v:46:y:2018:i:1:p:1-19 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Alexander Guarín-López & Ignacio Lozano-Espitia, 2016. "Credit Funding and Banking Fragility: An Empirical Analysis for Emerging Economies," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 014306, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    5. Xu, Ying & La, Hai Anh, 2015. "Foreign banks and international shock transmission: Does bank ownership still matter?," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 200-216.
    6. Duc Thi Luu & Mauro Napoletano & Paolo Barucca & Stefano Battiston, 2018. "Collateral Unchained: Rehypothecation Networks, Concentration and Systemic Effects," GREDEG Working Papers 2018-05, Groupe de REcherche en Droit, Economie, Gestion (GREDEG CNRS), University of Nice Sophia Antipolis.
    7. Saibal Ghosh, 2016. "Capital Buffer, Credit Risk and Liquidity Behaviour: Evidence for GCC Banks," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Association for Comparative Economic Studies, vol. 58(4), pages 539-569, December.
    8. de Haan, Leo & van den End, Jan Willem, 2013. "Bank liquidity, the maturity ladder, and regulation," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(10), pages 3930-3950.
    9. Agur, Itai, 2014. "Bank risk within and across equilibria," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 322-333.
    10. Riedler, Jesper & Brueckbauer, Frank, 2017. "Evaluating regulation within an artificial financial system: A framework and its application to the liquidity coverage ratio regulation," ZEW Discussion Papers 17-022, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    11. repec:eee:quaeco:v:66:y:2017:i:c:p:302-313 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Aysan, Ahmet F. & Disli, Mustafa & Duygun, Meryem & Ozturk, Huseyin, 2018. "Religiosity versus rationality: Depositor behavior in Islamic and conventional banks," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(1), pages 1-19.
    13. Jose M. Berrospide, 2013. "Bank liquidity hoarding and the financial crisis: an empirical evaluation," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2013-03, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    14. Chen, Ting-Hsuan & Chou, Hsiu-Hsia & Chang, Yuan & Fang, Hao, 2015. "The effect of excess lending on bank liquidity : Evidence from China," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 54-68.
    15. Gropp, Reint & Radev, Deyan, 2017. "International banking conglomerates and the transmission of lending shocks across borders," SAFE Working Paper Series 175, Research Center SAFE - Sustainable Architecture for Finance in Europe, Goethe University Frankfurt.
    16. Podlich, Natalia & Schnabel, Isabel & Tischer, Johannes, 2017. "Banks' trading after the Lehman crisis: The role of unconventional monetary policy," Discussion Papers 19/2017, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    17. Duc Thi Luu & Mauro Napoletano & Paolo Barucca & Stefano Battiston, 2018. "Collateral Unchained : Rehypothecation networkd, concentration and systemic effects," Sciences Po publications 2018-07, Sciences Po.
    18. Jean-Loup SOULA, 2015. "Measuring heterogeneity in bank liquidity risk: who are the winners and the losers?," Working Papers of LaRGE Research Center 2015-09, Laboratoire de Recherche en Gestion et Economie (LaRGE), Université de Strasbourg.
    19. Bachmann, Manuel, 2018. "Market Illiquidity, Credit Freezes and Endogenous Funding Constraints," Department of Economics Working Paper Series 5965, WU Vienna University of Economics and Business.
    20. Manuel Bachmann, 2018. "Market Illiquidity, Credit Freezes and Endogenous Funding Constraints," Department of Economics Working Papers wuwp255, Vienna University of Economics and Business, Department of Economics.
    21. repec:exl:25engi:v:27:y:2016:i:2:p:124-133 is not listed on IDEAS
    22. Nguyen, Vu Hong Thai & Boateng, Agyenim, 2013. "The impact of excess reserves beyond precautionary levels on Bank Lending Channels in China," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 26(C), pages 358-377.
    23. Gropp, Reint E. & Radev, Deyan, 2017. "International banking conglomerates and the transmission of lending shocks across borders," IWH Discussion Papers 19/2017, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Banks; Funding; Liquidity; Banking crisis;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

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