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Banks, Markets, and Financial Stability

  • Fecht, Falko
  • Eder, Armin
  • Pausch, Thilo

In a theoretical model of the Diamond-Dybvig style, in which deposit-taking banks and financial markets coexist, bank behavior is analyzed taking into account a positive ex-ante probability of a future financial crisis. We focus on the role of the interaction of market liquidity and banks' funding liquidity in the propagation of shocks in the financial system. Our findings suggest that in particular bank-dominated financial systems are prone to contagious bank runs due to asset price deteriorations as a consequence of fire sales of assets in financial markets. Nevertheless, banks only prefer holding liquidity buffers to weather future crises if the ex-ante crisis probability exceeds a certain threshold. Moreover, central bank interventions are shown to have destabilizing effects because they reduce banks' incentives to hold liquidity buffers. This can be interpreted as a justification for prudential regulation in terms of minimum liquidity buffer requirements.

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Paper provided by Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association in its series Annual Conference 2013 (Duesseldorf): Competition Policy and Regulation in a Global Economic Order with number 79712.

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Date of creation: 2013
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:vfsc13:79712
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.socialpolitik.org/
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  18. Viral V. Acharya & S. Viswanathan, 2010. "Leverage, Moral Hazard and Liquidity," NBER Working Papers 15837, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  19. Itay Goldstein & Ady Pauzner, 2005. "Demand-Deposit Contracts and the Probability of Bank Runs," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 60(3), pages 1293-1327, 06.
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