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The relationship between liquidity risk and credit risk in banks

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  • Imbierowicz, Björn
  • Rauch, Christian

Abstract

This paper investigates the relationship between the two major sources of bank default risk: liquidity risk and credit risk. We use a sample of virtually all US commercial banks during the period 1998–2010 to analyze the relationship between these two risk sources on the bank institutional-level and how this relationship influences banks’ probabilities of default (PD). Our results show that both risk categories do not have an economically meaningful reciprocal contemporaneous or time-lagged relationship. However, they do influence banks’ probability of default. This effect is twofold: whereas both risks separately increase the PD, the influence of their interaction depends on the overall level of bank risk and can either aggravate or mitigate default risk. These results provide new insights into the understanding of bank risk and serve as an underpinning for recent regulatory efforts aimed at strengthening banks (joint) risk management of liquidity and credit risks.

Suggested Citation

  • Imbierowicz, Björn & Rauch, Christian, 2014. "The relationship between liquidity risk and credit risk in banks," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 242-256.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:40:y:2014:i:c:p:242-256
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jbankfin.2013.11.030
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    Cited by:

    1. Karel Brůna & Naďa Blahová, 2015. "Ekonomické a regulatorní podmínky řízení likvidity v bankovním sektoru České republiky v kontextu aplikace poměru likvidního krytí
      [Economic and Regulatory Conditions of Liquidity Management in the
      ," Politická ekonomie, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2015(6), pages 768-713.
    2. Degl’Innocenti, M & Fiordelisi, F & Girardone, C & Radić, N, 2018. "Competition and Risk-Taking in Investment banking," Essex Finance Centre Working Papers 21268, University of Essex, Essex Business School.
    3. Tammuz Alraheb & Amine Tarazi, 2016. "Local Versus International Crises, Foreign Subsidiaries and Bank Stability: Evidence from the MENA Region," Working Papers 1045, Economic Research Forum, revised 09 Jan 2016.
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    6. Karel Brůna & Naďa Blahová, 2015. "Ekonomické a regulatorní podmínky řízení likvidity v bankovním sektoru České republiky v kontextu aplikace poměru likvidního krytí
      [Economic and Regulatory Conditions of Liquidity Management in the
      ," Politická ekonomie, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2015(6), pages 689-713.
    7. Aydemir, Resul & Guloglu, Bulent, 2017. "How do banks determine their spreads under credit and liquidity risks during business cycles?," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 147-157.
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    9. Jean-Loup SOULA, 2015. "Measuring heterogeneity in bank liquidity risk: who are the winners and the losers?," Working Papers of LaRGE Research Center 2015-09, Laboratoire de Recherche en Gestion et Economie (LaRGE), Université de Strasbourg.
    10. Hertrich, Markus, 2015. "Does Credit Risk Impact Liquidity Risk? Evidence from Credit Default Swap Markets," MPRA Paper 67837, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Ameni Ghenimi & Mohamed Ali Brahim Omri, 2015. "Liquidity and Financial Stability Conventional versus Islamic Banks," International Journal of Economics and Empirical Research (IJEER), The Economics and Social Development Organization (TESDO), vol. 3(9), pages 419-432, September.
    12. Karel Brůna & Naďa Blahová, 2016. "Systemic Liquidity Shocks and Banking Sector Liquidity Characteristics on the Eve of Liquidity Coverage Ratio Application - The Case of the Czech Republic," Journal of Central Banking Theory and Practice, Central bank of Montenegro, vol. 5(1), pages 159-184.
    13. Roy Mersland & Daudi Pascal & Leif Atle Beisland, 2016. "The influence of CEO power on agency costs in non-profit organisations: evidence from the global microfinance industry," Working Papers CEB 16-045, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    14. Robert Deyoung & Isabelle Distinguin & Amine Tarazi, 2017. "Bank Liquidity Management and Bank Capital Shocks," Working Papers hal-01559053, HAL.
    15. repec:eee:jbfina:v:82:y:2017:i:c:p:203-216 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Pierre Pessarossi & Frédéric Vinas, 2015. "The supply of long-term credit after a funding shock: evidence from 2007-2009," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne 15073, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne.
    17. Chen, Hsiao-Jung & Lin, Kuan-Ting, 2016. "How do banks make the trade-offs among risks? The role of corporate governance," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 72(S), pages 39-69.
    18. Cheng, Maoyong & Geng, Hongyan & Zhang, Junrui, 2016. "Chinese commercial banks: Benefits from foreign strategic investors?," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 40(PA), pages 147-172.
    19. Kundid Novokmet Ana & Marinović Antonia, 2016. "Solvency and Liquidity Level Trade-off: Does it Exist in Croatian Banking Sector?," Scientific Annals of Economics and Business, De Gruyter Open, vol. 63(3), pages 429-440, November.
    20. Vithessonthi, Chaiporn, 2014. "Financial markets development and bank risk: Experience from Thailand during 1990–2012," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 67-88.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Liquidity risk; Credit risk; Bank risk; Bank default probability;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • G33 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Bankruptcy; Liquidation

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