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Funding Illiquidity

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Abstract

We provide a theoretical model for funding liquidity that extends the literature by allowing financial institutions to raise short-term unsecured funding in addition to secured funding. We identify a new liquidity spiral, a credit limit spiral, for unsecured funding and show how it reinforces the margin and loss spiral for secured funding. Our model brings to light a dual role of margins. While higher margins reduce secured funding, they relax the funding constraint in the unsecured market ceteris paribus. We show that there is commonality and substitution effects in funding illiquidity, and discuss how central bank and regulatory policies can prevent illiqudity.

Suggested Citation

  • , 2016. "Funding Illiquidity," Working Papers on Finance 1601, University of St. Gallen, School of Finance, revised Sep 2019.
  • Handle: RePEc:usg:sfwpfi:2016:01
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Cassola, Nuno & Koulischer, François, 2019. "The collateral channel of open market operations," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 73-90.
    2. Ranaldo, Angelo & Wrampelmeyer, Jan, 2016. "Unsecured and Secured Funding," Working Papers on Finance 1616, University of St. Gallen, School of Finance.
    3. Ahnert, Toni & Anand, Kartik & Gai, Prasanna & Chapman, James, 2015. "Safe, or not safe? Covered bonds and Bank Fragility," VfS Annual Conference 2015 (Muenster): Economic Development - Theory and Policy 112875, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    4. Corradin, Stefano & Heider, Florian & Hoerova, Marie, 2017. "On collateral: implications for financial stability and monetary policy," Working Paper Series 2107, European Central Bank.
    5. Fuhrer, Lucas Marc, 2018. "Liquidity in the repo market," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 84(C), pages 1-22.
    6. Toni Ahnert & Kartik Anand & Prasanna Gai & James Chapman & Philip StrahanEditor, 2019. "Asset Encumbrance, Bank Funding, and Fragility," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 32(6), pages 2422-2455.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Funding liquidity; unsecured and secured funding; liquidity spirals; monetary policy; regulation;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E43 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Interest Rates: Determination, Term Structure, and Effects
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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