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Stand und Perspektiven der "New Economy" in ausgewählten Mitgliedstaaten der EU aus deutscher Sicht

  • Hans-Günther Vieweg
  • Thomas Fuchs
  • Reinhard Hild
  • Andreas Kuhlmann
  • Stefan Lachenmaier
  • Michael Reinhard
  • Uwe C. Täger
  • Sebastian de Ramon
  • Jan-Egbert Sturm

Die vorliegende Studie wurde im ifo Arbeitsbereich Branchenforschung erstellt und im Frühjahr 2005 abgeschlossen. Auftraggeber war das Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Arbeit. Gegenstand der Studie sind der Stand und die Perspektiven der „New Economy“ in Deutschland sowie ein Vergleich mit fünf anderen Mitgliedstaaten der Europäischen Gemeinschaft (Frankreich, Großbritannien, Italien, Niederlande und Schweden) in Hinblick auf die Diffusion und die Wirkungen des Einsatzes moderner Informations- und Kommunikationstechniken (IKT). In methodischer Hinsicht basieren die Analysen auf einem meso-ökonomischen Vorgehen, bei dem vier Branchen beispielhaft untersucht wurden: der Maschinenbau, der Fahrzeugbau, der Bankensektor und der Handel. Die Fragestellung wird interdisziplinär angegangen. Ausgehend von der vorhandenen wissenschaftlichen Literatur zur „New Economy“ wird eine Synopse bisheriger Ergebnisse angefertigt und in Kooperation mit Professor Jan-Egbert Sturm, Universität Konstanz, die wirtschaftstheoretischen Wirkungszusammenhänge, insbesondere die meist nicht explizit genannten Annahmen, aufgedeckt. Mit Hilfe ökonometrischer Schätzansätze werden verschiedene Modelle auf den Zusammenhang zwischen dem Einsatz von IKT und dem Anstieg der Arbeitsproduktivität getestet. Diese Arbeiten wurden von Cambridge Econometrics durchgeführt, einem Kooperationspartner, der über eine europäische, nach Sektoren und Ländern disaggregierte Datenbasis verfügt. Qualitative Untersuchungen, Fachgespräche und die Auswertung von Erhebungen zum Einsatz von IKT haben die Branchenexperten des ifo Instituts geleitet und unter Verwendung der aus den verschiedenen Analysen gewonnenen Ergebnisse eine abschließende Bewertung für jede einzelne Branche erstellt. Aus der Aggregation der Branchenresultate werden Schlussfolgerungen für den Stand der Diffusion der IKT in Deutschland und ihre potenziellen Wirkungen auf Produktivität und Wachstum gezogen.

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This book is provided by Ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich in its series ifo Beiträge zur Wirtschaftsforschung with number 19 and published in 2005.
Handle: RePEc:ces:ifobei:19
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  1. Helpman, Elhanan & Rangel, Antonio, 1998. "Adjusting to a New Technology: Experience and Training," CEPR Discussion Papers 1930, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Griliches, Zvi, 1969. "Capital-Skill Complementarity," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 51(4), pages 465-68, November.
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  5. Bart Hobijn & Boyan Jovanovic, 2000. "The Information Technology Revolution and the Stock Market: Evidence," NBER Working Papers 7684, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  7. Robert Mcguckin & Mary Streitwieser & Mark Doms, 1998. "The Effect Of Technology Use On Productivity Growth," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 7(1), pages 1-26.
  8. Paul M Romer, 1999. "Endogenous Technological Change," Levine's Working Paper Archive 2135, David K. Levine.
  9. Stephen D. Oliner & Daniel E. Sichel, 2002. "Information technology and productivity: where are we now and where are we going?," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, issue Q3, pages 15-44.
  10. Hans-Günther Vieweg, 2002. "Der Maschinenbau im Zeitalter der Globalisierung und »New Economy«," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 55(21), pages 18-27, November.
  11. Robert M. Solow, 1956. "A Contribution to the Theory of Economic Growth," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 70(1), pages 65-94.
  12. Jones, Charles I, 1995. "R&D-Based Models of Economic Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 103(4), pages 759-84, August.
  13. Robert J. Gordon, 2002. "Technology and Economic Performance in the American Economy," NBER Working Papers 8771, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  14. Richard B. Freeman, 2002. "The labour market in the new information economy," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 20062, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  15. Hempell, Thomas, 2002. "What's Spurious, What's Real? Measuring the Productivity Impacts of ICT at the Firm-Level," ZEW Discussion Papers 02-42, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  16. Robert Inklaar & Mary O'Mahony & Marcel Timmer, 2005. "ICT AND EUROPE's PRODUCTIVITY PERFORMANCE: INDUSTRY-LEVEL GROWTH ACCOUNT COMPARISONS WITH THE UNITED STATES," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 51(4), pages 505-536, December.
  17. repec:dgr:rugggd:200368 is not listed on IDEAS
  18. C.J. Krizan & John Haltiwanger & Lucia Foster, 2002. "The Link Between Aggregate and Micro Productivity Growth: Evidence from Retail Trade," Working Papers 02-18, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  19. Hans-Günther Vieweg & Michael Reinhard & Alfons Weichenrieder & Ralf Meisenzahl & Bent Nowack, 2003. "Finanzmärkte, Corporate Governance, IuK-Technologien : treibende Faktoren für den Wandel in der Industrie," ifo Beiträge zur Wirtschaftsforschung, Ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 11, July.
  20. Bart van Ark & Robert Inklaar & Robert H. McGuckin, 2002. "'Changing Gear' - Productivity, ICT and Services Industries: Europe and the United States," Economics Program Working Papers 02-02, The Conference Board, Economics Program.
  21. Cohen, Daniel & Garibaldi, Pietro & Scarpetta, Stefano (ed.), 2004. "The ICT Revolution: Productivity Differences and the Digital Divide," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199270118, December.
  22. Sabourin, David & Baldwin, John R. & Diverty, Brent, 1995. "Technology Use and Industrial Transformation: Empirical Perspectives," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 1995075e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
  23. van der Wiel, Henry & van Leeuwen, George & Hempell, Thomas, 2004. "ICT, Innovation and Business Performance in Services: Evidence for Germany and the Netherlands," ZEW Discussion Papers 04-06, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  24. Lucas, Robert Jr., 1988. "On the mechanics of economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 3-42, July.
  25. Kevin M Stolarick, 1999. "IT Spending and Firm Productivity: Additional Evidence from the Manufacturing Sector," Working Papers 99-10, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  26. Doms, Mark & Dunne, Timothy & Roberts, Mark J., 1995. "The role of technology use in the survival and growth of manufacturing plants," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 523-542, December.
  27. Reinhard Hild, 2004. "Produktion, Wertschöpfung und Beschäftigung im Verarbeitenden Gewerbe," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 57(07), pages 19-27, 04.
  28. Francesco Daveri, 2003. "Information Technology and Productivity Growth Across Countries and Sectors," Working Papers 227, IGIER (Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research), Bocconi University.
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