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Stand und Perspektiven der "New Economy" in ausgewählten Mitgliedstaaten der EU aus deutscher Sicht

  • Hans-Günther Vieweg
  • Thomas Fuchs
  • Reinhard Hild
  • Andreas Kuhlmann
  • Stefan Lachenmaier
  • Michael Reinhard
  • Uwe C. Täger
  • Sebastian de Ramon
  • Jan-Egbert Sturm

Die vorliegende Studie wurde im ifo Arbeitsbereich Branchenforschung erstellt und im Frühjahr 2005 abgeschlossen. Auftraggeber war das Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Arbeit. Gegenstand der Studie sind der Stand und die Perspektiven der „New Economy“ in Deutschland sowie ein Vergleich mit fünf anderen Mitgliedstaaten der Europäischen Gemeinschaft (Frankreich, Großbritannien, Italien, Niederlande und Schweden) in Hinblick auf die Diffusion und die Wirkungen des Einsatzes moderner Informations- und Kommunikationstechniken (IKT). In methodischer Hinsicht basieren die Analysen auf einem meso-ökonomischen Vorgehen, bei dem vier Branchen beispielhaft untersucht wurden: der Maschinenbau, der Fahrzeugbau, der Bankensektor und der Handel. Die Fragestellung wird interdisziplinär angegangen. Ausgehend von der vorhandenen wissenschaftlichen Literatur zur „New Economy“ wird eine Synopse bisheriger Ergebnisse angefertigt und in Kooperation mit Professor Jan-Egbert Sturm, Universität Konstanz, die wirtschaftstheoretischen Wirkungszusammenhänge, insbesondere die meist nicht explizit genannten Annahmen, aufgedeckt. Mit Hilfe ökonometrischer Schätzansätze werden verschiedene Modelle auf den Zusammenhang zwischen dem Einsatz von IKT und dem Anstieg der Arbeitsproduktivität getestet. Diese Arbeiten wurden von Cambridge Econometrics durchgeführt, einem Kooperationspartner, der über eine europäische, nach Sektoren und Ländern disaggregierte Datenbasis verfügt. Qualitative Untersuchungen, Fachgespräche und die Auswertung von Erhebungen zum Einsatz von IKT haben die Branchenexperten des ifo Instituts geleitet und unter Verwendung der aus den verschiedenen Analysen gewonnenen Ergebnisse eine abschließende Bewertung für jede einzelne Branche erstellt. Aus der Aggregation der Branchenresultate werden Schlussfolgerungen für den Stand der Diffusion der IKT in Deutschland und ihre potenziellen Wirkungen auf Produktivität und Wachstum gezogen.

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This book is provided by Ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich in its series ifo Beiträge zur Wirtschaftsforschung with number 19 and published in 2005.
Handle: RePEc:ces:ifobei:19
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  1. Robert Inklaar & Mary O'Mahony & Marcel Timmer, 2005. "ICT AND EUROPE's PRODUCTIVITY PERFORMANCE: INDUSTRY-LEVEL GROWTH ACCOUNT COMPARISONS WITH THE UNITED STATES," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 51(4), pages 505-536, December.
  2. Helpman, Elhanan & Rangel, Antonio, 1999. "Adjusting to a New Technology: Experience and Training," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 4(4), pages 359-83, December.
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  8. Aghion, P. & Howitt, P., 1990. "A Model Of Growth Through Creative Destruction," DELTA Working Papers 90-12, DELTA (Ecole normale supérieure).
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  11. Hans-Günther Vieweg & Michael Reinhard & Alfons Weichenrieder & Ralf Meisenzahl & Bent Nowack, 2003. "Finanzmärkte, Corporate Governance, IuK-Technologien : treibende Faktoren für den Wandel in der Industrie," ifo Beiträge zur Wirtschaftsforschung, Ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 11, 7.
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  13. Sabourin, David & Baldwin, John R. & Diverty, Brent, 1995. "Technology Use and Industrial Transformation: Empirical Perspectives," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 1995075e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
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  15. van der Wiel, Henry & van Leeuwen, George & Hempell, Thomas, 2004. "ICT, Innovation and Business Performance in Services: Evidence for Germany and the Netherlands," ZEW Discussion Papers 04-06, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  16. Robert M. Solow, 1956. "A Contribution to the Theory of Economic Growth," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 70(1), pages 65-94.
  17. Hans-Günther Vieweg, 2002. "Der Maschinenbau im Zeitalter der Globalisierung und »New Economy«," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 55(21), pages 18-27, November.
  18. Hans-Günther Vieweg & Carsten Dreher & Herbert Hofmann & Steffen Kinkel & Gunter Lay & Ulrich Schmoch, 2002. "Der Maschinenbau im Zeitalter der Globalisierung und "New Economy"," ifo Beiträge zur Wirtschaftsforschung, Ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 9, 7.
  19. Cohen, Daniel & Garibaldi, Pietro & Scarpetta, Stefano (ed.), 2004. "The ICT Revolution: Productivity Differences and the Digital Divide," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199270118.
  20. Gordon, Robert J, 2002. "Technology and Economic Performance in the American Economy," CEPR Discussion Papers 3213, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  21. Reinhard Hild, 2004. "Produktion, Wertschöpfung und Beschäftigung im Verarbeitenden Gewerbe," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 57(07), pages 19-27, 04.
  22. Francesco Daveri, 2003. "Information Technology and Productivity Growth Across Countries and Sectors," Working Papers 227, IGIER (Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research), Bocconi University.
  23. Lucas, Robert Jr., 1988. "On the mechanics of economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 3-42, July.
  24. Doms, Mark & Dunne, Timothy & Roberts, Mark J., 1995. "The role of technology use in the survival and growth of manufacturing plants," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 523-542, December.
  25. Griliches, Zvi, 1969. "Capital-Skill Complementarity," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 51(4), pages 465-68, November.
  26. Robert H Mcguckin & Mary L Streitwieser & Mark E Doms, 1996. "The Effect Of Technology Use On Productivity Growth," Working Papers 96-2, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  27. Kevin M Stolarick, 1999. "IT Spending and Firm Productivity: Additional Evidence from the Manufacturing Sector," Working Papers 99-10, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  28. Hempell, Thomas, 2002. "What's Spurious, What's Real? Measuring the Productivity Impacts of ICT at the Firm-Level," ZEW Discussion Papers 02-42, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
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