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Viewpoint: Agglomeration research in the age of disaggregation

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  • William C. Strange

Abstract

This paper selectively reviews recent research on the economics of agglomeration. Theory offers a long list of forces that might explain the spatial concentration of economic activity. The increased availability of disaggregated data – by firm, by worker, and by geographical unit – presents opportunities to substantially advance the understanding of urban growth and industrial clustering. At present, however, there remains great uncertainty about the forces that produce agglomeration. This suggests that public policy towards cities ought to be characterized by caution. Ce texte fait une recension sélective des résultats de la recherche sur l'économie des effets d'agglomération. La théorie présente une longue liste de forces qui pourraient expliquer la concentration des activités économiques. La disponibilité de données désagrégées – par entreprise, par travailleur, par unité géographique – a fait qu'il est devenu possible de faire avancer de manière significative notre connaissance de la croissance urbaine et des grappes industrielles. Cependant une grande incertitude demeure quant aux forces qui sont au coeur des effets d'agglomération. Voilà qui suggère que les politiques publiques pour les villes vont devoir être marquées au point de la prudence.

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  • William C. Strange, 2009. "Viewpoint: Agglomeration research in the age of disaggregation," Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d'économique, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 42(1), pages 1-27, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:canjec:v:42:y:2009:i:1:p:1-27
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-5982.2008.01497.x
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    2. Forslid, Rikard & Okubo, Toshihiro, 2017. "Early agglomeration or late agglomeration?: Two phases of development with spatial sorting," CEPR Discussion Papers 11977, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. Johan Larsson, 2014. "The neighborhood or the region? Reassessing the density–wage relationship using geocoded data," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 52(2), pages 367-384, March.
    4. Kristian Behrens, 2016. "Agglomeration and clusters: Tools and insights from coagglomeration patterns," Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d'économique, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 49(4), pages 1293-1339, November.
    5. Larsson, Johan P., 2013. "The Neighborhood or the Region? Untangling the density-productivity relationship using geocoded data," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 318, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
    6. Martin Andersson & Johan Klaesson & Johan P Larsson, 2014. "The sources of the urban wage premium by worker skills: Spatial sorting or agglomeration economies?," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 93(4), pages 727-747, November.
    7. Gvozdeva, Margarita (Гвоздева, Маргарита) & Kazakova, Maria (Казакова, Мария), 2017. "Review of Theory and Practice of Analysis of Interregional Inequality [Обзор Теории И Практики Анализа Межрегионального Неравенства]," Working Papers 041702, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
    8. Matthias Wrede, 2015. "Akzeptanz der Förderung gleichwertiger Lebensverhältnisse und Arbeitsbedingungen," Review of Regional Research: Jahrbuch für Regionalwissenschaft, Springer;Gesellschaft für Regionalforschung (GfR), vol. 35(1), pages 103-119, February.
    9. Eckhardt Bode & Peter Nunnenkamp & Andreas Waldkirch, 2012. "Spatial effects of foreign direct investment in US states," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 45(1), pages 16-40, February.
    10. Kristy Buzard & Gerald Carlino, 2013. "The geography of research and development activity in the US," Chapters, in: Frank Giarratani & Geoffrey J.D. Hewings & Philip McCann (ed.), Handbook of Industry Studies and Economic Geography, chapter 16, pages 389-410, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    11. Leonid Limonov, 2013. "St. Petersburg Metropolitan Region: Problems of Planning Coordination and Spatial Development," ERSA conference papers ersa13p70, European Regional Science Association.
    12. Matthias Wrede, 2013. "Heterogeneous skills and homogeneous land: segmentation and agglomeration," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 13(5), pages 767-798, September.
    13. David C. Maré & Andrew Coleman, 2011. "Patterns of business location in Auckland," Working Papers 11_08, Motu Economic and Public Policy Research.
    14. MORIKAWA Masayuki, 2011. "Urban Density, Human Capital, and Productivity: An empirical analysis using wage data," Discussion papers 11060, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    15. Abdullah M. Khan, 2014. "Impact of Employment Agglomeration on Patented Innovation in U.S. Manufacturing Industries from 1986 to 2008," International Journal of Business and Social Research, LAR Center Press, vol. 4(10), pages 25-42, October.
    16. Marcelo Resende, 2015. "Industrial coagglomeration: some state-level evidence for Brazil [Industrial coagglomeration: some state-level evidence for Brazil]," Nova Economia, Economics Department, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (Brazil), vol. 25(1), pages 181-194, January-A.
    17. Kuechle, Graciela, 2014. "Regional concentration of entrepreneurial activities," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 102(C), pages 59-73.
    18. Leonid Limonov, 2014. "Suburban Development of St Petersburg: comparison of 2 subjects of Federation long-term visions," ERSA conference papers ersa14p216, European Regional Science Association.

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