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Labor Pooling, Labor Poaching and Spatial Clustering

  • Pierre-Philippe Combes
  • Gilles Duranton

When firms cluster in the same local labor market, they face a trade-off between the benefits of labor pooling (i.e., access to workers whose knowledge help reduce costs) and the costs of labor poaching (i.e., loss of some key workers to competition and the indirect effect of a higher wage bill to retain the others). We explore this trade-off in a duopoly game. Depending on market size and on the degree of horizontal differentiation between products, we characterize the strategic choices of firms regarding locations, wages, poaching and prices. Our results show that co-location, although it is always efficient, is not in general the equilibrium outcome.

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Paper provided by Centre for Economic Performance, LSE in its series CEP Discussion Papers with number dp0510.

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Date of creation: Sep 2001
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Handle: RePEc:cep:cepdps:dp0510
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