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Trade and the structure of cities

Author

Listed:
  • Jean Cavailhes

    (INRA-CESAER)

  • Carl Gaigne

    () (INRA-ESR)

  • Jacques-Rrancois Thisse

    (CORE, Universite catholique de Louvain, Institute of Economic Analysis, Kyoto University, PSE, and CEPR.)

Abstract

Our purpose is to investigate how the interplay between trade, commuting and communication costs shapes the economy at both the interregional and intraurban levels. Specifically, we study how economic integration affects the internal structure of cities and show how decentralizing the production and consumption of goods in secondary employment centers allows firms located in a large city to maintain their predominance. Several new results in both economic geography and urban economics are established, which all agree with empirical evidence.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean Cavailhes & Carl Gaigne & Jacques-Rrancois Thisse, 2006. "Trade and the structure of cities," KIER Working Papers 623, Kyoto University, Institute of Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:kyo:wpaper:623
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Gaigné, Carl & Riou, Stéphane & Thisse, Jacques-François, 2012. "Are compact cities environmentally friendly?," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(2), pages 123-136.
    2. Zierahn, Ulrich, 2012. "Monocentric cities, endogenous agglomeration, and unemployment disparities," HWWI Research Papers 130, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWI).
    3. Legras, Sophie, 2015. "Correlated environmental impacts of wastewater management in a spatial context," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 83-92.
    4. Laurent Denant-Boèmont & Carl Gaigné & Romain Gaté, 2016. "Urban spatial structure, transport-related emissions and welfare," Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) 2016-18, Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS.
    5. Stéphane De Cara & Anne Fournier & Carl Gaigné, 2011. "Feeding the cities and greenhouse gas emissions: a new economic geography approach," Working Papers 1109, Chaire Economie du climat.
    6. Legras, Sophie & Cavailhès, Jean, 2016. "Environmental performance of the urban form," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 1-11.
    7. Miren Lafourcade & Jacques-François Thisse, 2011. "New Economic Geography: The Role of Transport Costs," Chapters,in: A Handbook of Transport Economics, chapter 4 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    8. G. F. Gori, 2013. "Urban Functional Specialisation and the Interplay between Firm’s Communication Costs," Working Papers wp877, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
    9. Sophie Legras, 2017. "From the tank to climate change: multiple environmental impacts of wastewater management," Working Papers hal-01190244, HAL.
    10. Tabuchi, Takatoshi, 2009. "Self-organizing marketplaces," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 66(3), pages 179-185, November.
    11. Carl Gaigné & Jacques-François Thisse, 2013. "New Economic Geography and the City," Working Papers SMART - LERECO 13-02, INRA UMR SMART-LERECO.
    12. de Cara, Stephane & Fournier, Anne & Gaigne, Carl, 2011. "Feeding the Cities and Greenhouse Gas Emissions - Beyond the Food Miles Approach," 2011 International Congress, August 30-September 2, 2011, Zurich, Switzerland 114350, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    13. Gaigné, Carl & Riou, Stéphane & Thisse, Jacques-François, 2012. "Are compact cities environmentally friendly?," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(2), pages 123-136.
    14. Miren Lafourcade & Jacques-François Thisse, 2008. "New economic geography: A guide to transport analysis," Working Papers halshs-00586878, HAL.
    15. Sidorov Alexander, 2013. "Endogenous Structure of Cities: Trade, Commuting, Communication," EERC Working Paper Series 13/02e, EERC Research Network, Russia and CIS.
    16. Sidorov, Alexander, 2012. "Endogenous Structure of Polycentric Urban Area I: Isolated City," MPRA Paper 36696, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    17. Kanemoto, Yoshitsugu, 2013. "Second-best cost–benefit analysis in monopolistic competition models of urban agglomeration," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 83-92.
    18. Alexander V. Sidorov, 2012. "Trade and Endogenous City Structure," DEGIT Conference Papers c017_015, DEGIT, Dynamics, Economic Growth, and International Trade.
    19. Sophie Legras & Jean Cavailhès, 2012. "Urban form and sustainable development," INRA UMR CESAER Working Papers 2012/5, INRA UMR CESAER, Centre d'’Economie et Sociologie appliquées à l'’Agriculture et aux Espaces Ruraux.
    20. Gaigné, Carl & Riou, Stéphane & Thisse, Jacques-François, 2012. "Are compact cities environmentally friendly?," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(2), pages 123-136.
    21. Diaz-Lanchas, Jorge & Llano, Carlos & Zofío, José Luis, 2013. "Trade margins, transport cost thresholds and market areas: Municipal freight flows and urban hierarchy," Working Papers in Economic Theory 2013/10, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (Spain), Department of Economic Analysis (Economic Theory and Economic History).
    22. Carl Gaigné & Stéphane Riou & Jacques-François Thisse, 2012. "Are Compact Cities Environmentally (and Socially) Desirable ?," Cahiers de recherche CREATE 2012-4, CREATE.
    23. Takatoshi Tabuchi, 2011. "City Formation and Transport Costs," Chapters,in: A Handbook of Transport Economics, chapter 6 Edward Elgar Publishing.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    city structure; secondary business centers; commuting costs; trade costs; communication costs;

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • R14 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Land Use Patterns

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