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New economic geography with heterogeneous preferences: An explanation of segregation

  • Zeng, Dao-Zhi

The Tiebout hypothesis (residential choice depends solely on local public goods) is extensively applied to explain geographic segregation, and the related literature finds that residents are segregated according to their heterogeneous preferences for public goods. This paper further examines the heterogeneous preferences for private goods in a spatial economy without public goods. Specifically, we employ a new economic geography framework in which the heterogeneous preferences of mobile workers on manufactured goods are incorporated. The rigorous general equilibrium analysis conducted here shows that the increasing-returns technology and monopolistic competition form a mechanism endogenously leading to persistent residential segregation. There is an evolving path with decreasing transport costs in which the two types of mobile workers are segregated, while two industries evolve from dispersion to agglomeration.

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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Urban Economics.

Volume (Year): 63 (2008)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
Pages: 306-324

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Handle: RePEc:eee:juecon:v:63:y:2008:i:1:p:306-324
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/622905

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  1. Dawkins, Casey J., 2005. "Tiebout choice and residential segregation by race in US metropolitan areas, 1980-2000," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(6), pages 734-755, November.
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  6. Conley, John P. & Wooders, Myrna H., 2001. "Tiebout Economies with Differential Genetic Types and Endogenously Chosen Crowding Characteristics," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 98(2), pages 261-294, June.
  7. PICARD, Pierre M. & ZENG, Dao-Zhi, . "Agricultural sector and industrial agglomeration," CORE Discussion Papers RP -1893, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  8. Gianmarco Ottaviano, 1996. "Monopolistic Competition, Trade and Endogenous Spatial Fluctuations," Working Papers 240, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
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  12. Brueckner, J.K., 1990. "Tastes, Skills, And Local Public Goods," Working Papers 8, John Deutsch Institute for the Study of Economic Policy.
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  16. Amiti, Mary & Pissarides, Christopher A., 2005. "Trade and industrial location with heterogeneous labor," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 67(2), pages 392-412, December.
  17. Tabuchi, Takatoshi & Thisse, Jacques-Francois, 2002. "Taste heterogeneity, labor mobility and economic geography," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(1), pages 155-177, October.
  18. Tabuchi, Takatoshi, 1998. "Urban Agglomeration and Dispersion: A Synthesis of Alonso and Krugman," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 44(3), pages 333-351, November.
  19. TABUCHI, Takatoshi & THISSE, Jacques-François, 2003. "Regional specialization, urban hierarchy, and commuting costs," CORE Discussion Papers 2003060, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
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  22. John M. Quigley, 2001. "The renaissance in regional research," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 35(2), pages 167-178.
  23. Zeng, Dao-Zhi, 2002. "Equilibrium stability for a migration model," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 123-138, January.
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