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A Road Map to Vocational Education and Training in Industrialized Countries

Listed author(s):
  • Werner Eichhorst
  • Núria Rodríguez-Planas
  • Ricarda Schmidl
  • Klaus F. Zimmermann

    (Werner Eichhorst is affiliated with IZA. Núria Rodríguez-Planas is affiliated with Queens College of CUNY and the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA). Ricarda Schmidl is affiliated with the University of Mannheim and IZA. Klaus F. Zimmermann is affiliated with IZA and Bonn University.)

Young people have been among those most affected by the recent financial crisis. Vocational education and training (VET) is often viewed as the silver bullet for the youth joblessness problem. In this article, the authors provide a better understanding of VET in industrialized countries, proposing a typology with three types of vocational systems: 1) vocational and technical schools, 2) formal apprenticeships, and 3) dual apprenticeship systems that combine school training with a firm-based approach. They first describe the strengths and challenges of each system. They subsequently review the evidence of the effectiveness of VET versus general education and the relative effectiveness of the different VET systems. Results indicate that VET is a valued alternative beyond the core of general education and that the use of apprenticeships combined with institutional learning tends to be more effective than school-based VET.

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File URL: http://ilr.sagepub.com/content/68/2/314.abstract
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Article provided by Cornell University, ILR School in its journal ILR Review.

Volume (Year): 68 (2015)
Issue (Month): 2 (March)
Pages: 314-337

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Handle: RePEc:sae:ilrrev:v:68:y:2015:i:2:p:314-337
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.ilr.cornell.edu

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