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A Road Map to Vocational Education and Training in Industrialized Countries

Author

Listed:
  • Werner Eichhorst
  • Núria Rodríguez-Planas
  • Ricarda Schmidl
  • Klaus F. Zimmermann

    (Werner Eichhorst is affiliated with IZA. Núria Rodríguez-Planas is affiliated with Queens College of CUNY and the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA). Ricarda Schmidl is affiliated with the University of Mannheim and IZA. Klaus F. Zimmermann is affiliated with IZA and Bonn University.)

Abstract

Young people have been among those most affected by the recent financial crisis. Vocational education and training (VET) is often viewed as the silver bullet for the youth joblessness problem. In this article, the authors provide a better understanding of VET in industrialized countries, proposing a typology with three types of vocational systems: 1) vocational and technical schools, 2) formal apprenticeships, and 3) dual apprenticeship systems that combine school training with a firm-based approach. They first describe the strengths and challenges of each system. They subsequently review the evidence of the effectiveness of VET versus general education and the relative effectiveness of the different VET systems. Results indicate that VET is a valued alternative beyond the core of general education and that the use of apprenticeships combined with institutional learning tends to be more effective than school-based VET.

Suggested Citation

  • Werner Eichhorst & Núria Rodríguez-Planas & Ricarda Schmidl & Klaus F. Zimmermann, 2015. "A Road Map to Vocational Education and Training in Industrialized Countries," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 68(2), pages 314-337, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:ilrrev:v:68:y:2015:i:2:p:314-337
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Werner Eichhorst, 2017. "Labor Market Institutions and the Future of Work: Good Jobs for All?," Working Papers id:11689, eSocialSciences.
    2. Eichhorst, Werner & Rinne, Ulf, 2015. "Report No. 67: An Assessment of the Youth Employment Inventory and Implications for Germany's Development Policy," IZA Research Reports 67, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Leslie S. Stratton & Nabanita Datta Gupta & David Reimer & Anders Holm, 2017. "Modeling Enrollment in and Completion of Vocational Education: The Role of Cognitive and Non-cognitive Skills by Program Type," University of Western Ontario, Centre for Human Capital and Productivity (CHCP) Working Papers 20172, University of Western Ontario, Centre for Human Capital and Productivity (CHCP).
    4. repec:ces:ifofor:v:18:y:2017:i:2:p:26-33 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Eichhorst, Werner & Rinne, Ulf, 2016. "Promoting Youth Employment in Europe: Evidence-based Policy Lessons," IZA Policy Papers 119, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    6. Marco Caliendo & Ricarda Schmidl, 2016. "Youth unemployment and active labor market policies in Europe," IZA Journal of Labor Policy, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 5(1), pages 1-30, December.
    7. Werner Eichhorst & Ulf Rinne, 2017. "The European Youth Guarantee: A Preliminary Assessment and Broader Conceptual Implications," CESifo Forum, Ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 18(2), pages 34-38, July.
    8. Francesco Pastore, 2017. "Getting It Right: Youth Employment Policy within the EU," CESifo Forum, Ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 18(2), pages 26-33, July.
    9. Duch, Henriette & Andreasen, Karen E., 2015. "Reforming Vocational Didactics by Implementing a New VET Teacher Education in Denmark: Tensions and Challenges Reflected in Interviews with Vocational College Teachers," International Journal for Research in Vocational Education and Training (IJRVET), European Research Network in Vocational Education and Training (VETNET), European Educational Research Association, vol. 2(3 (Specia), pages 195-213.
    10. Daniel Kreisman & Kevin Stange, 2017. "Vocational and Career Tech Education in American High Schools: The Value of Depth Over Breadth," NBER Working Papers 23851, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    11. Katherine Caves & Ursula Renold, 2016. "The Employer’s Dilemma: Employer engagement and progress in vocational education and training reforms," KOF Working papers 16-423, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich.
    12. Torun, Huzeyfe & Tumen, Semih, 2017. "Do Vocational High School Graduates Have Better Employment Outcomes than General High School Graduates?," IZA Discussion Papers 10507, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    13. A. Fiszbein & C. Cosentino & B. Cumsille, "undated". "The Skills Development Challenge in Latin America: Diagnosing the Problems and Identifying Public Policy Solutions," Mathematica Policy Research Reports 6e445252b5614db2be1d4bc3f, Mathematica Policy Research.

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