The impact of vocational qualifications on the labour market outcomes of low-achieving school-leavers
This paper creates a pseudo cohort of individuals who left school in the mid-1990s, using Labour Force Survey. The extent of low achievement at school amongst this group is documented, and then the impact of such low achievement on labour force status is estimated. The main focus of the paper is then to investigate to what extent unqualified school leavers can improve their labour market status through the acquisition of vocational qualifications, and how many follow this option. The results show that vocational qualifications at all levels can improve the employment chances of unqualified school leavers, even once we use panel data to control for unobserved individual heterogeneity and to ensure that the qualification is acquired before employment is attained. There are also small effects on occupational mobility, but little impact on wages. However, few unqualified school leavers seem to be following this vocational route to qualification achievement.
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- Steven Mcintosh, 2006.
"Further Analysis of the Returns to Academic and Vocational Qualifications,"
Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics,
Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 68(2), pages 225-251, April.
- McIntosh, Steven, 2004. "Further analysis of the returns to academic and vocational qualifications," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 19472, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
- Steven McIntosh, 2004. "Further Analysis of the Returns to Academic and Vocational Qualifications," CEE Discussion Papers 0035, Centre for the Economics of Education, LSE.
- Dearden, Lorraine, et al, 2002. "The Returns to Academic and Vocational Qualifications in Britain," Bulletin of Economic Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 54(3), pages 249-274, July.
- Lorraine Dearden & Steven McIntosh & Michal Myck & Anna Vignoles, 2000. "The Returns to Academic and Vocational Qualifications in Britain," CEE Discussion Papers 0004, Centre for the Economics of Education, LSE.