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Determinants of Cross-Border Venture Capital Investments in Emerging and Developed Economies: The Effects of Relational and Institutional Trust

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  • Daniel Hain

    () (Aalborg University)

  • Sofia Johan

    () (York University
    University of Tilburg)

  • Daojuan Wang

    () (Aalborg University)

Abstract

Frequent and open interaction between venture capitalists (VCs) and entrepreneurs is necessary for venture capital investments to occur. Increasingly, these investments are made across jurisdictions. The vast majority of these cross-border investments are carried out in a syndicate of two or more VCs, indicating the effects of intra-industry networks needing further analysis. Using China as a model, we provide a novel multidimensional framework to explain cross-border investments in innovative ventures across developed and emerging economies. By analyzing a unique international dataset, we examine worldwide venture capital investment flows from 2000–2012 and consider the effects of geographical, cultural, and institutional proximity as well as institutional and relational trust. We find trust to mitigate the negative effects of geographical and cultural distance, where institutional trust is more relevant for investments in emerging economies, and relational trust is more relevant for investments in developed economies.

Suggested Citation

  • Daniel Hain & Sofia Johan & Daojuan Wang, 2016. "Determinants of Cross-Border Venture Capital Investments in Emerging and Developed Economies: The Effects of Relational and Institutional Trust," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 138(4), pages 743-764, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:jbuset:v:138:y:2016:i:4:d:10.1007_s10551-015-2772-4
    DOI: 10.1007/s10551-015-2772-4
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    Cited by:

    1. Douglas Cumming & Wenxuan Hou & Edward Lee, 2016. "Business Ethics and Finance in Greater China: Synthesis and Future Directions in Sustainability, CSR, and Fraud," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 138(4), pages 601-626, November.
    2. Wang, Daojuan & Hain, Daniel S. & Larimo, Jorma & Dao, Li T., 2020. "Cultural differences and synergy realization in cross-border acquisitions," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 29(3).
    3. Axel Buchner & Susanne Espenlaub & Arif Khurshed & Abdulkadir Mohamed, 2018. "Cross-border venture capital investments: The impact of foreignness on returns," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 49(5), pages 575-604, July.
    4. Motavaseli Mahmood & Shojaei Saeed & Bitaab Ali & Hasti Chitsazan & Ghanbar Mohammadi Elyasi, 2018. "Institutional Barriers to Financing Technology-based Small Firms through Venture Capital Mechanism: A Study to Explore the Incentives for Investment in Iran," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 8(1), pages 184-195.
    5. Soleimani Dahaj, Arash & Cozzarin, Brian Paul, 2019. "Government venture capital and cross-border investment," Global Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 113-127.
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    7. Manuel Kaiser & Elisabeth S. C. Berger, 0. "Trust in the investor relationship marketing of startups: a systematic literature review and research agenda," Management Review Quarterly, Springer, vol. 0, pages 1-27.
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    10. Chircop, Justin & Johan, Sofia & Tarsalewska, Monika, 2020. "Does religiosity influence venture capital investment decisions?," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 62(C).
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    13. Li, Hui & Wu, Xiaohui & Ye, Ying & Zeng, Qi, 2018. "Venture capitalists' value-enhancing activities under weak protection of law," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 26-40.

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    Keywords

    Venture capital; Institutional trust; Relational trust; Corruption; China; Syndication; Emerging economies;

    JEL classification:

    • G3 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance
    • K4 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior
    • D81 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Criteria for Decision-Making under Risk and Uncertainty

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