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Financial globalization: gain and pain for developing countries

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  • Sergio L. Schmukler

Abstract

Economies around the world are becoming increasingly interconnected by the unprecedented breadth and depth of financial globalization. Developed countries tend to be most actively involved in cross-country capital movement, but in recent years developing countries have begun to participate in the process. ; This article focuses on the integration of developing countries into the international financial system. It examines recent developments and the principal agents of financial globalization as well as globalization’s effect on the domestic financial sector. Financial liberalization tends to develop the financial system, enhancing financing opportunities, reducing the cost of capital, and increasing investment and liquidity. But global financial interconnectedness also carries with it some risks, especially in the short run, because it tends to intensify a country’s sensitivity to foreign shocks. ; For policymakers, the challenges center on maximizing the advantages that globalization presents while minimizing the risks. Governments participating in financial globalization tend to have fewer policy options and to become more reliant on international financial policies.> As the line between foreign and domestic capital blurs, a country’s successful participation in financial globalization will require strong economic fundamentals and a properly regulated and supervised financial system. A primary challenge of globalization, the author concludes, is to integrate all sectors and countries because nonparticipants are at a disadvantage.

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  • Sergio L. Schmukler, 2004. "Financial globalization: gain and pain for developing countries," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, issue Q 2, pages 39-66.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedaer:y:2004:i:q2:p:39-66:n:v.89no.2
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    1. Hamdi, Helmi & Jlassi, Nabila Boukef, 2014. "Financial liberalization, disaggregated capital flows and banking crisis: Evidence from developing countries," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 124-132.
    2. Kose, M. Ayhan & Prasad, Eswar & Rogoff, Kenneth & Wei, Shang-Jin, 2010. "Financial Globalization and Economic Policies," Handbook of Development Economics, Elsevier.
    3. repec:idb:idbbks:349 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Simplice A, Asongu, 2011. "Globalization, financial crisis and contagion: time-dynamic evidence from financial markets of developing countries," MPRA Paper 30120, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Guidi, Francesco & Gupta, Rakesh, 2010. "Cointegration and conditional correlations among German and Eastern Europe equity markets," MPRA Paper 21732, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. M Ayhan Kose & Eswar Prasad & Kenneth Rogoff & Shang-Jin Wei, 2009. "Financial Globalization: A Reappraisal," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 56(1), pages 8-62, April.
    7. Frederic S. Mishkin, 2007. "Is Financial Globalization Beneficial?," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 39(2-3), pages 259-294, March.
    8. Simplice A. Asongu, 2012. "The 2011 Japanese earthquake, tsunami and nuclear crisis: Evidence of contagion from international financial markets," Journal of Financial Economic Policy, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 4(4), pages 340-353, November.
    9. Simplice A, Asongu, 2011. "Political crises and risk of financial contagion in developing countries: Evidence from Africa," MPRA Paper 37459, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Eswar S. Prasad & Raghuram G. Rajan, 2008. "A Pragmatic Approach to Capital Account Liberalization," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 22(3), pages 149-172, Summer.
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    13. Motelle, Sephooko & Biekpe, Nicholas, 2015. "Financial integration and stability in the Southern African development community," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 79(C), pages 100-117.
    14. Augusto de la Torre & Sergio Schmukler, 2007. "Emerging Capital Markets and Globalization: The Latin American Experience," IDB Publications (Books), Inter-American Development Bank, number 349, April.
    15. Lee, Chien-Chiang & Lin, Chun-Wei & Zeng, Jhih-Hong, 2016. "Financial liberalization, insurance market, and the likelihood of financial crises," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 25-51.
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    18. Augusto de la Torre & Sergio L. Schmukler, 2007. "Emerging Capital Markets and Globalization : The Latin American Experience," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 7187, September.
    19. Zhang, Bing & Li, Xiao-Ming, 2014. "Has there been any change in the comovement between the Chinese and US stock markets?," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 525-536.
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    Economic stabilization ; Globalization;

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