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Working Women Worldwide. Age Effects in Female Labor Force Participation in 117 Countries

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  • Besamusca, Janna
  • Tijdens, Kea
  • Keune, Maarten
  • Steinmetz, Stephanie

Abstract

In this article, we investigate the effects of economic conditions, families, education, and gender ideologies on the labor force participation rates of women in eleven age groups in 117 countries. We find that participation rates of young and older women are partly explained by sector sizes and the level of economic development. However, to explain the labor force participation rates of women between 25 and 55 years, we need to study families and gender ideologies. We find these women are more likely to participate when paid maternity leave schemes exist, enrollment in pre-primary education is higher, and countries are less religious.

Suggested Citation

  • Besamusca, Janna & Tijdens, Kea & Keune, Maarten & Steinmetz, Stephanie, 2015. "Working Women Worldwide. Age Effects in Female Labor Force Participation in 117 Countries," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 123-141.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:74:y:2015:i:c:p:123-141 DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2015.04.015
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    Cited by:

    1. Hare, Denise, 2016. "What accounts for the decline in labor force participation among married women in urban China, 1991–2011?," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 251-266.
    2. repec:eee:wdevel:v:99:y:2017:i:c:p:28-41 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Tausch, Arno & Heshmati, Almas, 2016. "Islamism and Gender Relations in the Muslim World as Reflected in Recent World Values Survey Data," IZA Discussion Papers 9672, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    4. Bastos, Paulo & Straume, Odd Rune, 2016. "Preschool Education in Brazil: Does Public Supply Crowd Out Private Enrollment?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 496-510.
    5. Asadullah, Niaz & Wahhaj, Zaki, 2016. "Missing from the Market: Purdah Norm and Women's Paid Work Participation in Bangladesh," IZA Discussion Papers 10463, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    6. Tausch, Arno, 2016. "Occidentalism, terrorism, and the Shari’a state: new multivariate perspectives on Islamism based on international survey data," MPRA Paper 69498, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. repec:eee:wdevel:v:96:y:2017:i:c:p:102-118 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. de Jong, Eelke & Smits, Jeroen & Longwe, Abiba, 2017. "Estimating the Causal Effect of Fertility on Women’s Employment in Africa Using Twins," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 90(C), pages 360-368.

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