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Patriarchal Norms, Religion, and Female Labor Supply: Evidence from Turkey

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  • Dildar, Yasemin

Abstract

Despite significant structural and social change, the share of women working or seeking jobs in Turkey has declined. This paper focuses on the role of social conservatism as a constraint for women’s labor force participation using 2008 Demographic and Health Survey data. In analyzing labor supply model, I incorporate cultural constraints, specifically the sexual division of labor in the household and broader gender ideology into the analysis. I find that both patriarchal norms and religiosity are negatively associated with female labor force participation, and that the impact of patriarchal norms is statistically significant after controlling for endogeneity.

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  • Dildar, Yasemin, 2015. "Patriarchal Norms, Religion, and Female Labor Supply: Evidence from Turkey," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 40-61.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:76:y:2015:i:c:p:40-61
    DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2015.06.010
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