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Fertility and female labour supply in Latin America: new causal evidence

Listed author(s):
  • Cruces, Guillermo Antonio
  • Galiani, Sebastián

Abstract We study the effect of fertility on maternal labour supply in Argentina and Mexico exploiting a source of exogenous variability in family size first introduced by Angrist and Evans (1998) for the United States. We find that the estimates for the US can be generalized both qualitatively and quantitatively to the populations of two developing countries where, compared to the US, fertility is known to be higher, female education levels are much lower and there are fewer formal facilities for childcare.

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File URL: http://repositorio.cepal.org/handle/11362/5159
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Paper provided by Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL) in its series Financiamiento para el Desarrollo with number 181.

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Date of creation: Nov 2006
Handle: RePEc:ecr:col035:5159
Note: Includes bibliography
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  1. Monica Das Gupta & Jiang Zhenghua & Li Bohua & Xie Zhenming & Woojin Chung & Bae Hwa-Ok, 2003. "Why is Son preference so persistent in East and South Asia? a cross-country study of China, India and the Republic of Korea," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(2), pages 153-187.
  2. Damill, Mario & Frenkel, Roberto & Maurizio, Roxana, 2003. "Políticas macroeconómicas y vulnerabilidad social: la Argentina en los años noventa," Financiamiento para el Desarrollo 135, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
  3. Bertranou, Fabio & Grushka, Carlos O. & Shulthess, Walter, 2000. "Proyección de responsabilidades fiscales asociadas a la reforma previsional en Argentina," Financiamiento para el Desarrollo 94, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
  4. Siu Fai Leung, 1991. "A Stochastic Dynamic Analysis of Parental Sex Preferences and Fertility," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 106(4), pages 1063-1088.
  5. Angrist, Joshua D & Evans, William N, 1998. "Children and Their Parents' Labor Supply: Evidence from Exogenous Variation in Family Size," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(3), pages 450-477, June.
  6. Uthoff, Andras & Ruedi, Nora & Vera, Cecilia, 2006. "Relación de dependencia del trabajo formal y brechas de protección social en América Latina y el Caribe," Copublicaciones, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), number 1954.
  7. Angrist, Joshua D & Krueger, Alan B, 1995. "Split-Sample Instrumental Variables Estimates of the Return to Schooling," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 13(2), pages 225-235, April.
  8. Joshua D. Angrist, 2004. "Treatment effect heterogeneity in theory and practice," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 114(494), pages 52-83, 03.
  9. Marisa Bucheli & Natalia Ferreira-Coimbra & Alvaro Forteza & Ianina Rossi, 2005. "El acceso a la jubilación o pensión en Uruguay: ¿cuántos y quiénes lo lograrían?," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0106, Department of Economics - dECON.
  10. Abadie, Alberto, 2003. "Semiparametric instrumental variable estimation of treatment response models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 113(2), pages 231-263, April.
  11. Vargas, Juan Rafael, 1995. "Flujos financieros internacionales privados de capital a Costa Rica," Financiamiento para el Desarrollo 35, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
  12. J.D. Angrist & Guido W. Imbens & D.B. Rubin, 1993. "Identification of Causal Effects Using Instrumental Variables," NBER Technical Working Papers 0136, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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