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Fertility and female labour supply in Latin America: new causal evidence

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  • Cruces, Guillermo Antonio
  • Galiani, Sebastián

Abstract

We study the effect of fertility on maternal labour supply in Argentina and Mexico exploiting a source of exogenous variability in family size first introduced by Angrist and Evans (1998) for the United States. We find that the estimates for the US can be generalized both qualitatively and quantitatively to the populations of two developing countries where, compared to the US, fertility is known to be higher, female education levels are much lower and there are fewer formal facilities for childcare.

Suggested Citation

  • Cruces, Guillermo Antonio & Galiani, Sebastián, 2006. "Fertility and female labour supply in Latin America: new causal evidence," Financiamiento para el Desarrollo 181, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
  • Handle: RePEc:ecr:col035:5159
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    12. Bertranou, Fabio & Grushka, Carlos O. & Shulthess, Walter, 2000. "Proyección de responsabilidades fiscales asociadas a la reforma previsional en Argentina," Financiamiento para el Desarrollo 94, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    13. Siu Fai Leung, 1991. "A Stochastic Dynamic Analysis of Parental Sex Preferences and Fertility," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 106(4), pages 1063-1088.
    14. Angrist, Joshua D & Evans, William N, 1998. "Children and Their Parents' Labor Supply: Evidence from Exogenous Variation in Family Size," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(3), pages 450-477, June.
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    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    EMPLEO DE LA MUJER; FECUNDIDAD; MODELOS MATEMATICOS; MUJERES; OFERTA DE MANO DE OBRA; FERTILITY; LABOUR SUPPLY; MATHEMATICAL MODELS; WOMEN; WOMEN'S EMPLOYMENT;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply

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