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El acceso a la jubilación o pensiones en Uruguay: ¿cuántos y quiénes lo lograrían?

Author

Listed:
  • Bucheli, Marisa
  • Ferreira-Coimbra, Natalia
  • Forteza, Alvaro J.
  • Rossi, Ianina

Abstract

Resumen En el año 1995, la seguridad social en Uruguay pasó de ser un sistema de reparto a uno mixto que combina un sub-sistema de reparto y otro de capitalización individual. Además, la reforma modificó los principales parámetros del sistema público de reparto y aspectos clave de la gestión, creándose un registro de historia laboral. Desde la reforma, para retirarse del mercado de trabajo y acceder a una prestación contributiva se necesita tener un mínimo de 60 años de edad y 35 años de servicio. El presente documento busca conocer en qué medida el requisito mínimo de 35 años de servicio constituye una barrera al acceso a las prestaciones. Para ello se realizaron estimaciones del porcentaje de inscriptos en los registros de historia laboral que alcanzarían el mínimo requerido a la edad de 60 años y a los 65. De acuerdo a las estimaciones realizadas, existe un alto riesgo de que un porcentaje muy significativo de los trabajadores registrados no logre alcanzar esta exigencia. El problema es sensiblemente mayor en el sector privado que en el público y para los trabajadores de menores ingresos.

Suggested Citation

  • Bucheli, Marisa & Ferreira-Coimbra, Natalia & Forteza, Alvaro J. & Rossi, Ianina, 2006. "El acceso a la jubilación o pensiones en Uruguay: ¿cuántos y quiénes lo lograrían?," Financiamiento para el Desarrollo 180, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
  • Handle: RePEc:ecr:col035:5157
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    1. Bucheli, Marisa & Forteza, Alvaro & Rossi, Ianina, 2008. "Work history and the access to contributory pensions in Uruguay : some facts and policy options," Social Protection Discussion Papers and Notes 90345, The World Bank.
    2. Cruces, Guillermo & Galiani, Sebastian, 2007. "Fertility and female labor supply in Latin America: New causal evidence," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 565-573, June.
    3. Guillermo Cruces & Quentin Wodon, 2007. "Risk-adjusted poverty in Argentina: measurement and determinants," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(7), pages 1189-1214.
    4. Chiliatto-Leite, Marcos Vinicius, 2017. "Densidade de contribuição na previdência social do Brasil," Estudios y Perspectivas – Oficina de la CEPAL en Brasilia 3, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    5. Nguyen Thi Thu Phuong & Paulette Castel, 2009. "Voluntary Pension System," World Bank Other Operational Studies 28101, The World Bank.
    6. Collister, Keith R., 2007. "A new approach to development banking in Jamaica," Financiamiento para el Desarrollo 193, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    7. Uthoff, Andras, 2006. "Gaps in the welfare State and reforms to pension systems in Latin America," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), August.
    8. Phuong, Nguyen Thi Thu & Castel, Paulette, 2009. "Voluntary pension system challenge of expanding coverage," Social Protection Discussion Papers and Notes 64277, The World Bank.
    9. Álvaro Forteza, 2007. "Efectos Distributivos de la Reforma de la Seguridad Social. El Caso Uruguayo," Latin American Journal of Economics-formerly Cuadernos de Economía, Instituto de Economía. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 44(129), pages 31-58.
    10. Titelman, Daniel & Vera, Cecilia & Perez Caldentey, Esteban, 2008. "The Latin American experience in pension system reform: Coverage, fiscal issues and possible implications for China," MPRA Paper 13730, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Pablo ALEGRE & Fernando FILGUEIRA, 2009. "Assessment of a hybrid reform path: Social and labour policies in Uruguay, 1985–2005," International Labour Review, International Labour Organization, vol. 148(3), pages 317-334, September.
    12. James, Vanus, 2007. "New directions for development banking in the Caribbean: financing to take advantage of unlimited supplies of labour skills and entrepreneurship," Financiamiento para el Desarrollo 196, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    13. World Bank, 2010. "Strengthening Caribbean Pensions : Improving Equity and Sustainability," World Bank Other Operational Studies 2847, The World Bank.
    14. Dayoub, Mariam & Lasagabaster, Esperanza, 2008. "General trends in competition policy and investment regulation in mandatory defined contribution markets in Latin America," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4720, The World Bank.
    15. Ulises Garcí­a Repetto, 2011. "El financiamiento de la seguridad social en el Uruguay (1896-2008): una aproximación a su análisis en el largo plazo," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 11-09, Instituto de Economia - IECON.
    16. Sandiford, Wayne, 2007. "Development banking in the Eastern Caribbean: the case of Saint Lucia and Grenada," Financiamiento para el Desarrollo 197, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    JUBILACION; PENSIONES; POLITICA SOCIAL; SEGURIDAD SOCIAL; ADMINISTRACION PUBLICA; PENSIONS; RETIREMENT; SOCIAL POLICY; SOCIAL SECURITY; PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION;

    JEL classification:

    • H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions
    • J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination
    • J26 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Retirement; Retirement Policies

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