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Regional business climate and interstate manufacturing relocation decisions

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  • Conroy, Tessa
  • Deller, Steven
  • Tsvetkova, Alexandra

Abstract

In this study, we use the National Establishment Time Series (NETS) database to study relocation by manufacturers based on differences in the business climate between the origin and destination states. We model interstate relocations for manufacturers in aggregate and for three subgroups characterized by their industry-level research and development (R&D) intensity. The analysis suggests that very few manufacturing firms relocate across state lines in any given year and the vast majority of those that do are small in size and move to adjoining states. Our results also reveal that interstate migration by manufacturing establishments varies with their R&D intensity. Whereas a number of factors considered in this study are statistically significant, marginal effects at the mean are infinitesimal. This implies that states attempting to encourage manufacturing firms to relocate from other states via traditional perspectives on business climate are unlikely to be successful.

Suggested Citation

  • Conroy, Tessa & Deller, Steven & Tsvetkova, Alexandra, 2016. "Regional business climate and interstate manufacturing relocation decisions," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 155-168.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:regeco:v:60:y:2016:i:c:p:155-168
    DOI: 10.1016/j.regsciurbeco.2016.06.009
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Business climate; Manufacturing; Firm relocation;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • R30 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location - - - General
    • R31 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location - - - Housing Supply and Markets
    • O25 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Industrial Policy
    • L60 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - General

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