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The Relocation of R&D Establishments in France: An Empirical Analysis

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  • Arauzo-Carod, Josep-Maria

    () (QURE & CREIP, Department of Economics (Universitat Rovira i Virgili))

  • Manjón-Antolín, Miguel

    () (QURE & CREIP, Department of Economics (Universitat Rovira i Virgili))

  • Martínez , Óscar

    () (QURE & CREIP, Department of Economics (Universitat Rovira i Virgili))

Abstract

This paper analyses the relocation of R&D establishments between French’s Zones d’Emploi in the 2008 to 2010 period. We find that small size establishments predominate in these relocations, which occur mostly around major urban areas and in a short distance from the original location (although a negative relation between distance and size seems to exist). Lastly, estimates from a gravity model for origin-destination flows show that the main determinants of the relocation of R&D establishments include agglomeration economies, labour market characteristics, institutional features, transport infrastructures and educational levels. However, there are substantial differences in the way these variables affect intra- and inter-ZdE flows.

Suggested Citation

  • Arauzo-Carod, Josep-Maria & Manjón-Antolín, Miguel & Martínez , Óscar, 2015. "The Relocation of R&D Establishments in France: An Empirical Analysis," INVESTIGACIONES REGIONALES - Journal of REGIONAL RESEARCH, Asociación Española de Ciencia Regional, issue 33, pages 97-119.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:invreg:0303
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    firm relocation; R&D; France;

    JEL classification:

    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • R30 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location - - - General

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