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Power in Firm Networks: What it Means for Regional Innovation Systems

Author

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  • Susan Christopherson
  • Jennifer Clark

Abstract

Christopherson S., Clark J. (2007) Power in firm networks: what it means for regional innovation systems, Regional Studies 41, 1223-1236. The role of power within regional firm networks is noted in empirical studies but insufficiently theorized. It is suggested that network functioning is conflictual and that more powerful network members, particularly transnational corporations (TNCs), leverage regional resources to advance their sustainable competitive advantage. The agendas and power exercised by TNCs within regionalized firm networks have significant implications for regional policy and the uneven allocation of resources and capacities within and among regions. The findings indicate that transnational firm access to resources that are critical to innovation, including university research and skilled labour, negatively affects the potential for innovation by small and medium-size firms. Christopherson S. et Clark J. (2007) Le pouvoir au sein des reseaux d'entreprise: son importance pour les systemes d'innovation regionaux, Regional Studies 41, 1223-1236. Le role du pouvoir au sein des reseaux d'entreprise regionaux est note dans les etudes empiriques mais reste insuffisamment etaye dans la theorie. On laisse supposer que le fonctionnement des reseaux est en conflit et que les membres du reseau plus puissants, notamment les societes transnationales, augmentent le ratio d'endettement a partir des ressources regionales afin d'avancer leur avantage competitif durable. Les programmes et le pouvoir exerces par les societes transnationales au sein des reseaux d'entreprise regionalises ont des retombees non-negligeables pour la politique regionale et la distribution irreguliere des ressources et des capacites intraregionales et interregionales. Les resultats laissent indiquer que l'acces des societes transnationales aux ressources qui sont essentielles pour assurer l'innovation, y compris la recherche universitaire et l'emploi qualifie, touche de facon negative le potentiel d'innovation des petites et moyennes entreprises. Regions Innovation Politique Reseaux d'entreprise Developpement economique Marches du travail Christopherson S. und Clark J. (2007) Macht in Firmennetzwerken: Was sie fur regionale Innovationssysteme bedeutet, Regional Studies 41, 1223-1236. Die Rolle der Macht in regionalen Firmennetzwerken wird in empirischen Studien erwahnt, aber nicht ausreichend theorisiert. Wir stellen die These auf, dass Netzwerkfunktionen konfliktgeladen sind und dass machtigere Mitglieder des Netzwerks, insbesondere transnationale Konzerne, regionale Ressourcen zur Steigerung ihres langfristigen Wettbewerbsvorteils nutzen.Die von transnationalen Konzernen innerhalb von regionalisierten Firmennetzwerken ausgeubte Macht und die damit verbundenen Handlungsplane haben signifikante Auswirkungen auf die Regionalpolitik und auf die ungleichmassige Verteilung von Ressourcen und Kapazitaten innerhalb von und zwischen Regionen. Aus unseren Ergebnissen geht hervor, dass ein Zugriff von transnationalen Konzernen auf fur Innovation wichtige Ressourcen, einschliesslich der universitaren Forschung und der Facharbeit, sich negativ auf das Innovationspotenzial von kleinen und mittelstandischen Betrieben auswirkt. Regionen Innovation Politik Firmennetzwerke Wirtschaftsentwicklung Arbeitsmarkte Christopherson S. y Clark J. (2007) El poder en las redes empresariales: Lo que significa para los sistemas de innovacion regional, Regional Studies 41, 1223-1236. La funcion del poder en las redes empresariales a nivel regional se observa en estudios empiricos pero con una teoria insuficiente. Sugerimos que el funcionamiento de estas redes es conflictivo y que los miembros mas poderosos de la red, especialmente corporaciones transnacionales (CTN), se aprovechan de los recursos regionales para progresar su competitividad sostenible. Los programas y el poder ejercido por las CTN en redes empresariales regionalizadas tienen importantes repercusiones en la politica regional y la asignacion desigual de recursos y capacidades dentro y entre las regiones. Nuestros resultados indican que las empresas transnacionales acceden a los recursos importantes para la innovacion, incluyendo la investigacion universitaria y la mano de obra cualificada, lo que afecta negativamente al potencial para la innovacion en pequenas y medianas empresas. Regiones Innovacion Politica Redes empresariales Desarrollo economico Mercados de trabajo

Suggested Citation

  • Susan Christopherson & Jennifer Clark, 2007. "Power in Firm Networks: What it Means for Regional Innovation Systems," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(9), pages 1223-1236.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:41:y:2007:i:9:p:1223-1236
    DOI: 10.1080/00343400701543330
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    Cited by:

    1. Phil Almond & Maria C. Gonzalez & Jonathan Lavelle & Gregor Murray, 2017. "The local in the global: regions, employment systems and multinationals," Industrial Relations Journal, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 48(2), pages 115-132, March.
    2. Christian Zeller, 2010. "The Pharma-biotech Complex and Interconnected Regional Innovation Arenas," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 47(13), pages 2867-2894, November.
    3. Coenen, Lars & Benneworth, Paul & Truffer, Bernhard, 2012. "Toward a spatial perspective on sustainability transitions," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 41(6), pages 968-979.
    4. Marques, Pedro & Morgan, Kevin, 2020. "Innovation without regional development? The complex interplay of innovation, institutions and development," Papers in Innovation Studies 2020/3, Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation Research.
    5. Paul Benneworth & Rómulo Pinheiro, 2015. "Involving universities in regional upgrading in the periphery," CHEPS Working Papers 201510, University of Twente, Center for Higher Education Policy Studies (CHEPS).
    6. Mikel Navarro & Juan José Gibaja & Beñat Bilbao-Osorio & Ricardo Aguado, 2009. "Patterns of Innovation in EU-25 Regions: A Typology and Policy Recommendations," Environment and Planning C, , vol. 27(5), pages 815-840, October.
    7. DÖRRY Sabine, 2012. "Luxembourg's specialisation as a financial centre within the global value networks of investment funds," LISER Working Paper Series 2012-40, LISER.
    8. Xiaofei Chen & Enru Wang & Changhong Miao & Lili Ji & Shaoqi Pan, 2020. "Industrial Clusters as Drivers of Sustainable Regional Economic Development? An Analysis of an Automotive Cluster from the Perspective of Firms’ Role," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(7), pages 1-22, April.
    9. Andy Pike, 2007. "Editorial: Whither Regional Studies?," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(9), pages 1143-1148.
    10. Giroud, Axèle & Scott-Kennel, Joanna, 2009. "MNE linkages in international business: A framework for analysis," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 18(6), pages 555-566, December.
    11. Livanis, Grigorios & Lamin, Anna, 2016. "Knowledge, Proximity and R&D Exodus," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 45(1), pages 8-26.
    12. Sandrine Labory, 2011. "Role of external knowledge flows in cluster upgrading: an empirical analysis of the Mirandola biomedical district in Italy," Working Papers 2011R05, Orkestra - Basque Institute of Competitiveness.
    13. Hsini Huang, 2020. "The effect of the small-firm dominated ecology on regional innovation," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 65(3), pages 703-725, December.
    14. Hsini Huang, 0. "The effect of the small-firm dominated ecology on regional innovation," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 0, pages 1-23.
    15. Maryann P. Feldman & Iryna Lendel, 2010. "Under the Lens: The Geography of Optical Science as an Emerging Industry," Economic Geography, Clark University, vol. 86(2), pages 147-171, April.
    16. Hornych, Christoph & Brachert, Matthias, 2010. "Determinanten der Vernetzung von Unternehmen der deutschen Photovoltaik-Industrie," IWH Discussion Papers 20/2010, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    17. Jennifer Clark, 2010. "Coordinating a conscious geography: the role of research centers in multi-scalar innovation policy and economic development in the US and Canada," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 35(5), pages 460-474, October.
    18. Conroy, Tessa & Deller, Steven & Tsvetkova, Alexandra, 2016. "Regional business climate and interstate manufacturing relocation decisions," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 155-168.
    19. Reza Naghizadeh & Shaban Elahi & Manoochehr Manteghi & Sepehr Ghazinoory & Marina Ranga, 2015. "Through the magnifying glass: an analysis of regional innovation models based on co-word and meta-synthesis methods," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 49(6), pages 2481-2505, November.

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