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Bioenergy and rural development: The role of agroforestry in a Tanzanian village economy

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  • Faße, Anja
  • Winter, Etti
  • Grote, Ulrike

Abstract

Recent papers indicate that decentralized bioenergy crop production offers increased market access and income diversification strategies for the rural population. The analyses concentrate on the potential effects of newly discussed crops such as Jatropha curcas, cassava, and sugarcane on macro level. Thereby two aspects are neglected, the income effects on micro level, and the integration of traditional firewood production systems for comparison. To fill this gap, an Environmentally Extended Social Accounting Matrix (ESAM) at the village level is developed and applied to a rural village in Tanzania. The objective is first to explore the integration of agroforestry systems in rural smallholder systems and second to analyze income effects of agricultural biomass production for bioenergy purposes in comparison to firewood production. In order to distinguish the use of firewood from public and private tree resources, environmental accounts for changes in tree stocks (public and private) are included. Findings indicate the importance of including common firewood production as a reference point. The highest income effect for the poorest households derives from agroforestry, which households use as a source of firewood and fruits for sale or home consumption, followed by J. curcas, sugarcane and finally cassava. Agroforestry in general has been also found to substantially release the pressure on public forest reserves.

Suggested Citation

  • Faße, Anja & Winter, Etti & Grote, Ulrike, 2014. "Bioenergy and rural development: The role of agroforestry in a Tanzanian village economy," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 106(C), pages 155-166.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecolec:v:106:y:2014:i:c:p:155-166
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2014.07.018
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    2. repec:gam:jsusta:v:11:y:2019:i:11:p:3017-:d:235010 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:eee:enepol:v:115:y:2018:i:c:p:631-643 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:eee:ecolec:v:157:y:2019:i:c:p:27-39 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Djanibekov, Utkur & Finger, Robert & Guta, Dawit Diriba & Varun, Gaur & Mirzabaev, Alisher, 2016. "A generic model for analyzing nexus issues of households’ bioenergy use," Discussion Papers 230416, University of Bonn, Center for Development Research (ZEF).
    6. Kathleen Brüssow & Anja Faße & Ulrike Grote, 2017. "Implications of climate-smart strategy adoption by farm households for food security in Tanzania," Food Security: The Science, Sociology and Economics of Food Production and Access to Food, Springer;The International Society for Plant Pathology, vol. 9(6), pages 1203-1218, December.
    7. repec:gam:jsusta:v:11:y:2018:i:1:p:75-:d:192771 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. You, Jing & Kontoleon, Andreas & Wang, Sangui, 2015. "Identifying a Sustainable Pathway to Household Multi-dimensional Poverty Reduction in Rural China," 2015 Conference, August 9-14, 2015, Milan, Italy 211865, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    9. Gronau, Steven & Winter, Etti, 2018. "Social Accounting Matrix: A user manual for village economies," Hannover Economic Papers (HEP) dp-636, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät.
    10. repec:eee:ecolec:v:165:y:2019:i:c:21 is not listed on IDEAS

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