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Social accounting matrices and multiplier analysis: An introduction with exercises


  • Breisinger, Clemens
  • Thomas, Marcelle
  • Thurlow, James


This training guide introduces development practitioners, policy analysts, and students to social accounting matrices (SAMs) and their use in policy analysis. There are already a number of books that explain the System of National Accounts and SAM multipliers—some of these are recommended at the end of this training guide. However, most books tend to be quite technical and move quickly from an introduction to more complex applications. By contrast, this guidebook uses a series of hands-on exercises to gradually introduce SAMs and multiplier analysis. It therefore complements more theoretical SAM and multiplier literature and provides a first step for development practitioners and students wishing to understand the strengths and limitations of these economic tools. It is also useful for policy analysts and researchers embarking on more complex SAM-based methodologies. One such methodology is computable general equilibrium (CGE) modeling, for which IFPRI has also developed a series of introductory exercises and a standard modeling framework.

Suggested Citation

  • Breisinger, Clemens & Thomas, Marcelle & Thurlow, James, 2009. "Social accounting matrices and multiplier analysis: An introduction with exercises," Food security in practice technical guide series 5, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  • Handle: RePEc:fpr:fsprac:5

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    1. Arndt, Channing & Garcia, Andres & Ha Pham, Hoang & McCoy, Simon & Tarp, Finn & Thurlow, James, 2010. "A 2007 social accounting matrix (SAM) for Vietnam," MPRA Paper 63386, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. García Benavente, José Miguel, 2016. "Impact of a carbon tax on the Chilean economy: A computable general equilibrium analysis," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 106-127.
    3. Ramón E. Key-Hernández & Claudina Villarroel, 2014. "Domestic impact of production cuts in OPEC countries: The cases of Nigeria and Venezuela," EcoMod2014 7007, EcoMod.
    4. Kobayashi, Shintaro & Yokoyama, Shigeki, 2015. "Comparison of Development Options in an Erosion-Prone Reservoir Area: A Case of Wonogiri, Central Java, Indonesia," Japanese Journal of Rural Economics, Agricultural Economics Society of Japan (AESJ), vol. 17.
    5. Lilia Endriana & Djoni Hartono & Tony Irawan, 2016. "Green economy priority sectors in Indonesia: a SAM approach," Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, Springer;Society for Environmental Economics and Policy Studies - SEEPS, vol. 18(1), pages 115-135, January.
    6. Dorosh, Paul A. & Thurlow, James, 2014. "Beyond agriculture versus nonagriculture: Decomposing sectoral growth–poverty linkages in five African countries:," IFPRI discussion papers 1391, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    7. Dirk van Seventer & Faaiqa Hartley & Sherwin Gabriel & Rob Davies, 2016. "A 2012 Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) for South Africa," WIDER Working Paper Series 026, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    8. Agbahey, Johanes U. I. & Siddig, Khalid & Grethe, Harald, 2016. "A 2011 Social Accounting Matrix for the West Bank with detailed representation of households and labour accounts," Working Paper Series 245157, Humboldt University Berlin, Department Agricultural Economics.
    9. Estian Calitz & Sally Wallace & Le Roux Burrows, 2013. "The impact of tax incentives to stimulate investment in South Africa," Working Papers 19/2013, Stellenbosch University, Department of Economics.
    10. Luis Carlos Jemio & Lykke E. Andersen & Clemens Breisinger & Manfred Wiebelt, 2015. "Regional development, income distribution and gender in Bolivia: Insights from a 2012 Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) and Multiplier Analysis," Development Research Working Paper Series 01/2015, Institute for Advanced Development Studies.
    11. Wannaphong Durongkaveroj and Rossarin Osathanunkul & Rossarin Osathanunkul, 2013. "Regional multipliers of social accounting matrix and the effective eradication of poverty," The Empirical Econometrics and Quantitative Economics Letters, Faculty of Economics, Chiang Mai University, vol. 2(4), pages 39-52, December.
    12. durongkaveroj, wannaphong, 2014. "Remedy of Poverty," MPRA Paper 54665, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    13. Ana Corina Miller & Alan Matthews & Trevor Donnellan & Cathal O'Donoghue, 2011. "A 2005 Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) for Ireland," The Institute for International Integration Studies Discussion Paper Series iiisdp365, IIIS.
    14. repec:spr:annopr:v:255:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1007_s10479-015-1954-x is not listed on IDEAS
    15. repec:bla:presci:v:96:y:2017:i:3:p:647-667 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Koppány, Krisztián, 2017. "A növekedés lehetőségei és kockázatai. Magyarország feldolgozóipari exportteljesítményének és ágazati szerkezetének vizsgálata, 2010-2014
      [Growth opportunities and risks in Hungary's industrial mix
      ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(1), pages 17-53.
    17. Mauricio SANTAMARIA SALAMANCA & Norberto ROJAS DELGADILLO & Gustavo HERNÁNDEZ DIAZ, 2013. "Crecimiento económico y Conflicto Armado en Colombia," ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA 011201, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN.
    18. repec:ilo:ilowps:468155 is not listed on IDEAS
    19. Motaz Khorshid & Saad Nassar & Victor Shaker, 2016. "An Agriculture Economy Interaction Model for Egypt - Analysis of the Proposed Free Trade Agreement with USA," EcoMod2016 9243, EcoMod.
    20. Faße, Anja & Winter, Etti & Grote, Ulrike, 2014. "Bioenergy and rural development: The role of agroforestry in a Tanzanian village economy," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 106(C), pages 155-166.
    21. Amela Hubic, 2012. "A Financial Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) for Luxembourg," BCL working papers 72, Central Bank of Luxembourg.
    22. Nielsen, Thea & Schunemann, Franziska & McNulty, Emily & Zeller, Manfred & Nkonya, Ephraim M. & Kato, Edward & Meyer, Stefan & Anderson, Weston & Zhu, Tingju & Queface, Antonio & Mapemba, Lawrence, 2015. "The food-energy-water security nexus: Definitions, policies, and methods in an application to Malawi and Mozambique:," IFPRI discussion papers 1480, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    23. Azharia ELBUSHRA & Ibrahim EL-DUKHERI & Dr. ALI A. SALIH & Raga ELZAKI, "undated". "SAM-Based Accounting Modeling and Analysis - Sudan 2000," EcoMod2010 259600049, EcoMod.
    24. Amela Hubic, 2012. "A Financial Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) for Luxembourg," EcoMod2012 4560, EcoMod.
    25. José Luis Viveros Añorve, 2015. "Towards a more effective poverty reduction in Mexico: a general equilibrium assessment," International Journal of Economic Sciences, International Institute of Social and Economic Sciences, vol. 4(1), pages 75-107, March.


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