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Water management and crop production for food security in China: A review

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  • Khan, Shahbaz
  • Hanjra, Munir A.
  • Mu, Jianxin

Abstract

Food security is a high priority issue on the Chinese political agenda. China's food security is challenged by several anthropogenic, sociopolitical and policy factors, including: population growth; urbanization and industrialization; land use changes and water scarcity; income growth and nutritional transition; and turbulence in global energy and food markets. Sustained growth in agricultural productivity and stable relations with global food suppliers are the twin anchors of food security. Shortfalls in domestic food production can take their toll on international food markets. Turbulence in global energy markets can affect food prices and supply costs, affecting food security and poverty. Policy safeguards are needed to shield food supply against such forces. China must make unremitting policy responses to address the loss of its fertile land for true progress towards the goal of national food security, by investing in infrastructure such as irrigation, drainage, storage, transport, and agricultural research and institutional reforms such as tenure security and land market liberalization. The links between water and other development-related sectors such as population, energy, food, and environment, and the interactions among them require reckoning, as they together will determine future food security and poverty reduction in China. Climate change is creating a new level of uncertainty in water governance, requiring accelerated research to avoid water-related stresses.

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  • Khan, Shahbaz & Hanjra, Munir A. & Mu, Jianxin, 2009. "Water management and crop production for food security in China: A review," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 96(3), pages 349-360, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:agiwat:v:96:y:2009:i:3:p:349-360
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    2. repec:gam:jsusta:v:8:y:2016:i:3:p:183:d:64865 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Huang, Feng & Li, Baoguo, 2010. "Assessing grain crop water productivity of China using a hydro-model-coupled-statistics approach. Part II: Application in breadbasket basins of China," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 97(9), pages 1259-1268, September.
    4. repec:spr:waterr:v:32:y:2018:i:9:d:10.1007_s11269-018-1975-8 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Mingjun Ding & Qian Chen & Xiangming Xiao & Liangjie Xin & Geli Zhang & Lanhui Li, 2016. "Variation in Cropping Intensity in Northern China from 1982 to 2012 Based on GIMMS-NDVI Data," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(11), pages 1-16, November.
    6. Jianjun Tang & Henk Folmer & Arno J. Vlist & Jianhong Xue, 2014. "The impacts of management reform on irrigation water use efficiency in the Guanzhong plain, China," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 93(2), pages 455-475, June.
    7. Tianxiang Li & Tomas Baležentis & Lijuan Cao & Jing Zhu & Irena Kriščiukaitienė & Rasa Melnikienė, 2016. "Are the Changes in China’s Grain Production Sustainable: Extensive and Intensive Development by the LMDI Approach," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(12), pages 1-24, November.
    8. Jinglu Wu & Haiao Zeng & Hong Yu & Long Ma & Longsheng Xu & Boqiang Qin, 2012. "Water and Sediment Quality in Lakes along the Middle and Lower Reaches of the Yangtze River, China," Water Resources Management: An International Journal, Published for the European Water Resources Association (EWRA), Springer;European Water Resources Association (EWRA), vol. 26(12), pages 3601-3618, September.
    9. Shahbaz Mushtaq, 2012. "Exploring Synergies Between Hardware and Software Interventions on Water Savings in China: Farmers’ Response to Water Usage and Crop Production," Water Resources Management: An International Journal, Published for the European Water Resources Association (EWRA), Springer;European Water Resources Association (EWRA), vol. 26(11), pages 3285-3300, September.
    10. Dong, Baodi & Shi, Lei & Shi, Changhai & Qiao, Yunzhou & Liu, Mengyu & Zhang, Zhengbin, 2011. "Grain yield and water use efficiency of two types of winter wheat cultivars under different water regimes," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 99(1), pages 103-110.
    11. Dong, Baodi & Liu, Mengyu & Jiang, Jingwei & Shi, Changhai & Wang, Xiaoming & Qiao, Yunzhou & Liu, Yueyan & Zhao, Zhihai & li, Dongxiao & Si, Fuyan, 2014. "Growth, grain yield, and water use efficiency of rain-fed spring hybrid millet (Setaria italica) in plastic-mulched and unmulched fields," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 143(C), pages 93-101.
    12. Jianzhai Wu & Jianhua Zhang & Shengwei Wang & Fantao Kong, 2016. "Assessment of Food Security in China: A New Perspective Based on Production-Consumption Coordination," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(3), pages 1-14, March.
    13. Jianxin Mu & Shahbaz Khan, 2009. "The effect of climate change on the water and food nexus in China," Food Security: The Science, Sociology and Economics of Food Production and Access to Food, Springer;The International Society for Plant Pathology, vol. 1(4), pages 413-430, December.
    14. Shang, Yizi & Wang, Jianhua & Liu, Jiahong & Jiang, Dong & Zhai, Jiaqi & Jiang, Shan, 2016. "Suitability analysis of China's energy development strategy in the context of water resource management," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 96(C), pages 286-293.
    15. Ali, Yousaf, 2017. "Carbon, water and land use accounting: Consumption vs production perspectives," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 921-934.
    16. Chao Bao & Chuang-lin Fang, 2012. "Water Resources Flows Related to Urbanization in China: Challenges and Perspectives for Water Management and Urban Development," Water Resources Management: An International Journal, Published for the European Water Resources Association (EWRA), Springer;European Water Resources Association (EWRA), vol. 26(2), pages 531-552, January.
    17. Liu, Haijun & Yu, Lipeng & Luo, Yu & Wang, Xiangping & Huang, Guanhua, 2011. "Responses of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) evapotranspiration and yield to sprinkler irrigation regimes," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 98(4), pages 483-492, February.
    18. repec:eee:ecomod:v:306:y:2015:i:c:p:152-159 is not listed on IDEAS

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