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A more complete conceptual framework for financing of small and medium enterprises

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  • Berger, Allen N.
  • Udell, Gregory F.

Abstract

The authors propose a more complete conceptual framework for analysis of credit availability for small and medium enterprises (SMEs). In this framework, lending technologies are the key conduit through which government policies and national financial structures affect credit availability. They emphasize a causal chain from policy to financial structures which affect the feasibility and profitability of different lending technologies. These technologies, in turn, have important effects on SME credit availability. Financial structures include the presence of different financial institution types and the conditions under which they operate. Lending technologies include several transactions technologies, plus relationship lending. The authors argue that the framework implicit in most of the literature is oversimplified, neglects key elements of the chain, and often yields misleading conclusions. A common oversimplification is the treatment of transactions technologies as a homogeneous group, unsuitable for serving informationally opaque SMEs, and a frequent misleading conclusion is that large institutions are disadvantaged in lending to opaque SMEs.

Suggested Citation

  • Berger, Allen N. & Udell, Gregory F., 2005. "A more complete conceptual framework for financing of small and medium enterprises," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3795, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:3795
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    3. De Haas, Ralph & Naaborg, Ilko, 2006. "Foreign banks in transition countries. To whom do they lend and how are they financed?," MPRA Paper 6320, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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    6. Song, Zhuo-lin & Zhang, Xiao-mei, 2018. "Lending technology and credit risk under different types of loans to SMEs: Evidence from China," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 43-69.
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    8. Llesh Lleshaj & Dorina Kripa, 2021. "The Effect of Financial Leasing Threshold in the Financial Development and Economic Growth: Evidence from Albania," International Journal of Economics & Business Administration (IJEBA), International Journal of Economics & Business Administration (IJEBA), vol. 0(2), pages 165-177.
    9. Laura GIURCA VASILESCU, 2008. "A Swot Analysis Of Smes� Development In Romania," Journal of Applied Economic Sciences, Spiru Haret University, Faculty of Financial Management and Accounting Craiova, vol. 3(4(6)_Wint).
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    11. Beck, Thorsten, 2006. "Creating an efficient financial system : challenges in a global economy," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3856, The World Bank.
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    13. Brick, Ivan E. & Palia, Darius, 2007. "Evidence of jointness in the terms of relationship lending," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 16(3), pages 452-476, July.
    14. Gabriele Tondl, 2016. "Interest rates, corporate lending and growth in the Euro Area," Department of Economics Working Papers wuwp227, Vienna University of Economics and Business, Department of Economics.
    15. Tieguhong, Julius Chupezi & Grouwels, Sophie & Ndoye, Ousseynou & Mala, Armand William & Fokou Sakam, Ignace & Useni, Marcel & Betti, Jean Lagarde, 2012. "Financial status of small and medium scale enterprises based on non-wood forest products (NWFP) in Central Africa," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 20(C), pages 112-119.
    16. Angela ROMAN & Valentina Diana RUSU, 2011. "Constraints On Bank Lending To Smes From Romania And Supportive Measures," EuroEconomica, Danubius University of Galati, issue 5(30), pages 21-38, December.
    17. World Bank, 2007. "Colombia : Bank Financing to Small- and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs) in Colombia," World Bank Publications - Reports 7654, The World Bank Group.
    18. Kraemer-Eis, Helmut & Lang, Frank, 2012. "The importance of leasing for SME finance," EIF Working Paper Series 2012/15, European Investment Fund (EIF).
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