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In-kind finance: a theory of trade credit

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  • Burkart, Mike
  • Ellingsen, Tore

Abstract

It is typically less profitable for an opportunistic borrower to divert inputs than to divert cash. Therefore, suppliers may lend more liberally than banks. This simple argument is at the core of our contract theoretic model of trade credit in competitive markets. The model implies that trade credit and bank credit can be either complements or substitutes. Among other things, the model explains why trade credit has short maturity, why trade credit is more prevalent in less developed credit markets, and why accounts payable of large unrated firms are more countercyclical than those of small firms.

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  • Burkart, Mike & Ellingsen, Tore, 2004. "In-kind finance: a theory of trade credit," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 69548, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  • Handle: RePEc:ehl:lserod:69548
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    JEL classification:

    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

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