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European trade credit use and SME survival

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  • McGuinness, Gerard
  • Hogan, Teresa
  • Powell, Ronan

Abstract

We examine if trade credit helped financially constrained SMEs survive the recent financial crisis. Using data for 202,696 SMEs across 13 European countries over the period 2003–2012, we show that trade credit had a large positive impact on firm survival, such that a one standard deviation increase in trade credit results in a 21% decrease in the likelihood of distress. We also report evidence of a significant redistribution effect, with cash rich or unconstrained SMEs extending significantly more net trade credit than their less financially resourced counterparts. The results are robust to several econometric concerns.

Suggested Citation

  • McGuinness, Gerard & Hogan, Teresa & Powell, Ronan, 2018. "European trade credit use and SME survival," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 81-103.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:corfin:v:49:y:2018:i:c:p:81-103
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jcorpfin.2017.12.005
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    5. Christopher Boudreaux & George Clarke & Anand Jha, 2021. "Social capital and small business productivity: The mediating roles of financing and customer relationships," Papers 2104.12004, arXiv.org.
    6. Cathcart, Lara & Dufour, Alfonso & Rossi, Ludovico & Varotto, Simone, 2020. "The differential impact of leverage on the default risk of small and large firms," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 60(C).
    7. Abdulla, Yomna & Dang, Viet Anh & Khurshed, Arif, 2020. "Suppliers' listing status and trade credit provision," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 60(C).
    8. Pierluigi Murro & Valentina Peruzzi, 2020. "Relationship lending and the use of trade credit: the role of relational capital and private information," Working Papers CASMEF 2006, Dipartimento di Economia e Finanza, LUISS Guido Carli.
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    11. Stylianos Asimakopoulos & Filipa Da Silva Fernandes & Yiannis Karavias, 2020. "Firm Heterogeneity and Trade Credit Behaviour," Discussion Papers 20-20, Department of Economics, University of Birmingham.
    12. Ekaterina A. Panova, 2020. "The Role of Trade Credit in Activities of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises," Finansovyj žhurnal — Financial Journal, Financial Research Institute, Moscow 127006, Russia, issue 6, pages 126-135, December.
    13. Grzegorz Zimon & Robert Dankiewicz, 2020. "Trade Credit Management Strategies in SMEs and the COVID-19 Pandemic—A Case of Poland," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(15), pages 1-16, July.
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    15. Gaganis, Chrysovalantis & Pasiouras, Fotios & Voulgari, Fotini, 2019. "Culture, business environment and SMEs' profitability: Evidence from European Countries," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 275-292.
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    17. Maria Cristina Arcuri & Raoul Pisani, 2021. "Is Trade Credit a Sustainable Resource for Medium-Sized Italian Green Companies?," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(5), pages 1-19, March.
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    19. Francisco-Javier Canto-Cuevas & María-José Palacín-Sánchez & Filippo Di Pietro, 2019. "Trade Credit as a Sustainable Resource during an SME’s Life Cycle," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(3), pages 1-16, January.
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    21. Ferrando, Annalisa & Ganoulis, Ioannis, 2020. "Firms’ expectations on access to finance at the early stages of the Covid-19 pandemic," Working Paper Series 2446, European Central Bank.
    22. Jean Vasile Andrei & Luminita Chivu & Ileana Georgiana Gheorghe & Aleksandar Grubor & Teodor Sedlarski & Violeta Sima & Jonel Subić & Mile Vasic, 2021. "Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises, Business Demography and European Socio-Economic Model: Does the Paradigm Really Converge?," Journal of Risk and Financial Management, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 14(2), pages 1-29, February.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Trade credit; Financial crisis; SMEs; Panel data; Survival; Financial distress; Country effects;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G30 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - General
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

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