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Trade credit use as firms approach default: A supplier's hold-up story

Listed author(s):
  • Garcia-Appendini, Emilia

    ()

  • Montoriol-Garriga, Judit

    ()

Using a sample of firms matched with their suppliers, we study the use of trade credit as firms approach a default event. We show that, in the extensive margin, around one third of suppliers exit the relationship well ahead of default, but the rest continue the relationship. Relationships are more likely to continue when suppliers sell differentiated goods, are located close to their distressed clients, sell large proportions to the distressed clients, or when the distressed client is in a concentrated market, suggesting that dependent suppliers are held up in distressed relationships. Firms with suppliers that continue the relationship continue purchasing the same amounts from their suppliers and have larger increases in accounts payable, suggesting that held-up suppliers trade-off the potential benefits of granting concessions to their clients during bad times with the risk of increasing their exposure to a distressed firm.

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File URL: http://ux-tauri.unisg.ch/RePEc/usg/sfwpfi/WPF-1411.pdf
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Paper provided by University of St. Gallen, School of Finance in its series Working Papers on Finance with number 1411.

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Length: 37 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2014
Date of revision: Jan 2015
Handle: RePEc:usg:sfwpfi:2014:11
Contact details of provider: Phone: +41 71 243 40 11
Fax: +41 71 243 40 40
Web page: http://www.unisg.ch/de/universitaet/schools/finance

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  1. John McMillan & Christopher Woodruff, 1999. "Interfirm Relationships and Informal Credit in Vietnam," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 114(4), pages 1285-1320.
  2. Gregor Andrade & Steven N. Kaplan, 1998. "How Costly is Financial (Not Economic) Distress? Evidence from Highly Leveraged Transactions that Became Distressed," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 53(5), pages 1443-1493, October.
  3. Fabbri, Daniela & Menichini, Anna Maria C., 2010. "Trade credit, collateral liquidation, and borrowing constraints," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 96(3), pages 413-432, June.
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  18. Benjamin S. Wilner, 2000. "The Exploitation of Relationships in Financial Distress: The Case of Trade Credit," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 55(1), pages 153-178, February.
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