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Trade Credit, Collateral Liquidation and Borrowing Constraints

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Abstract

The paper proposes a model of collateralized bank and trade credit. Firms use a two-input technology. Assuming that the supplier is better able to extract value from existing assets and has an information advantage over other creditors, the paper derives a series of predictions. (1) Financially unconstrained firms (with unused bank credit lines) take trade credit for a liquidation motive. (2) The reliance on trade credit does not depend on credit rationing, if inputs are liquid enough. (3) Firms buying goods make more purchases on account than those buying services, while suppliers of services offer more trade credit than those of standardized goods. (4) Suppliers lend inputs to their customers but not cash. (5) Greater reliance on trade credit is associated with more intensive use of tangible inputs. (6) Better creditor protection decreases both the use of trade credit and input tangibility.

Suggested Citation

  • Daniela Fabbri & Anna Maria Cristina Menichini, 2005. "Trade Credit, Collateral Liquidation and Borrowing Constraints," CSEF Working Papers 146, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy, revised 08 Feb 2009.
  • Handle: RePEc:sef:csefwp:146
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Fabbri, Daniela & Menichini, Anna Maria C., 2016. "The commitment problem of secured lending," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 120(3), pages 561-584.
    2. Fabbri, Daniela & Klapper, Leora, 2008. "Market power and the matching of trade credit terms," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4754, The World Bank.
    3. Schmidt-Eisenlohr, Tim, 2013. "Towards a theory of trade finance," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, pages 96-112.
    4. Mihir A. Desai & C. Fritz Foley & James R. Hines Jr., 2016. "Trade Credit and Taxes," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 98(1), pages 132-139, March.
    5. Mateut, Simona, 2014. "Reverse trade credit or default risk? Explaining the use of prepayments by firms," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 303-326.
    6. Goto, Shingo & Xiao, Gang & Xu, Yan, 2015. "As told by the supplier: Trade credit and the cross section of stock returns," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 296-309.
    7. Simona Mateut & Thanaset Chevapatrakul, 2016. "Customer financing, bargaining power and trade credit uptake," Discussion Papers 2016/04, University of Nottingham, Centre for Finance, Credit and Macroeconomics (CFCM).
    8. Simona Mateut, "undated". "Reverse trade credit - the use of prepayments by French firms," Discussion Papers 11/12, University of Nottingham, Centre for Finance, Credit and Macroeconomics (CFCM).
    9. Degryse, Hans & Ioannidou, Vasso & Liberti, Jose Maria & Sturgess, Jason, 2016. "When Do Laws and Institutions Affect Recovery Rates on Collateral?," CEPR Discussion Papers 11406, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    10. Aktas, Nihat & Bodt, Eric de & Lobez, Frédéric & Statnik, Jean-Christophe, 2012. "The information content of trade credit," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(5), pages 1402-1413.
    11. Leora Klapper & Luc Laeven & Raghuram Rajan, 2012. "Trade Credit Contracts," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 25(3), pages 838-867.
    12. Fabbri, Daniela & Klapper, Leora F., 2016. "Bargaining power and trade credit," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 66-80.
    13. Shenoy, Jaideep & Williams, Ryan, 2017. "Trade credit and the joint effects of supplier and customer financial characteristics," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 68-80.
    14. Mariarosaria Agostino & Francesco Trivieri, 2014. "Does trade credit play a signalling role? Some evidence from SMEs microdata," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 42(1), pages 131-151, January.
    15. Hans Degryse & Kent Matthews & Tianshu Zhao, 2015. "SMEs and Access to Bank Credit: Evidence on the Regional Propagation of the Financial Crisis in the UK," CESifo Working Paper Series 5424, CESifo Group Munich.
    16. repec:bdr:ensayo:v:35:y:2017:i:83:p:130-138 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. El Ghoul, Sadok & Zheng, Xiaolan, 2016. "Trade credit provision and national culture," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 475-501.
    18. Simona Mateut & Paul Mizen & Ydriss Ziane, "undated". "No Going Back: How the Production Process Affects Access to Short-term Credit," Discussion Papers 12/14, University of Nottingham, Centre for Finance, Credit and Macroeconomics (CFCM).
    19. Watanabe, Mariko & Yanagawa, Noriyuki, 2011. "Ex ante bargaining and ex post enforcement in trade credit supply: theory and evidence from China," IDE Discussion Papers 279, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
    20. Garcia-Appendini, Emilia & Montoriol-Garriga, Judit, 2014. "Trade credit use as firms approach default: A supplier's hold-up story," Working Papers on Finance 1411, University of St. Gallen, School of Finance, revised Jan 2015.
    21. Cristina Martínez-Sola & Pedro García-Teruel & Pedro Martínez-Solano, 2014. "Trade credit and SME profitability," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 42(3), pages 561-577, March.
    22. Pengxiang Zhai & Rufei Ma, 2017. "Does ownership structure affect trade credit policy in small- and medium-sized firms? Evidence from China," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE, vol. 35(83), pages 130-138, June.
    23. Liu, Qigui & Luo, Jinbo & Tian, Gary Gang, 2016. "Managerial professional connections versus political connections: Evidence from firms' access to informal financing resources," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 179-200.
    24. Mateut, Simona & Mizen, Paul & Ziane, Ydriss, 2015. "Inventory composition and trade credit," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 434-446.
    25. repec:eee:corfin:v:46:y:2017:i:c:p:391-410 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    trade credit; collateral; financial constraints; asset tangibility; creditor protection ibility;

    JEL classification:

    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • G33 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Bankruptcy; Liquidation
    • K22 - Law and Economics - - Regulation and Business Law - - - Business and Securities Law
    • L14 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Transactional Relationships; Contracts and Reputation

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