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Firm Formation and Agglomeration under Monopolistic Competition

Author

Listed:
  • Stephan Brunow

    (Institute for Employment Research (IAB) of the German Federal Employment Agency (BA), Nuremberg, Germany)

  • Peter Nijkamp

    (VU University Amsterdam)

Abstract

In the presence of agglomeration economies one might expect a relocation and concentration of industries. Then firm start-up activities may be assumed to reveal those effects. We introduce an empirical testable model inspired by the New Economic Geography and human capital externalities literature. The novelty of this paper is that it derives a measure of agglomeration economies founded on microeconomic analysis based on households' and firms' maximization behavior, namely the real market potential. Besides agglomeration forces, dispersion and human capital effects can be separated and explicitly controlled for. The paper sheds new light on the general mechanisms of intra-industrial agglomeration forces because it explicitly considers the regional distribution of economic activities. It offers clear evidence for the empirical relevance of the New Economic Geography.

Suggested Citation

  • Stephan Brunow & Peter Nijkamp, 2013. "Firm Formation and Agglomeration under Monopolistic Competition," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 13-134/VIII, Tinbergen Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:tin:wpaper:20130134
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    New Economic Geography; Agglomeration; Externalities; Firm Formation;

    JEL classification:

    • L13 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets
    • O41 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R3 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location

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