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Regional patterns and determinants of birth and survival of new firms in Western Germany

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  • Udo Brixy
  • Reinhold Grotz

Abstract

Although there is a large body of literature on the determinants of regional variation in new firm formation little is known on the spatial differences in new firm survival. The often-stated positive relationship between entry and exit suggests a negative correlation between entry and survival. On the other hand it seems convincing that regions with high birth rates should also have high survival rates, because a favourable environment for the founding of new firms should also stimulate the development of these firms. However, our analysis reveals an overall negative relationship. In detail the spatial pattern of a combination of both rates is complex, and all types of possible relationships exist. We analyse the factors that influence regional birth and survival rates of new firms for 74 West German regions over a 10-year period. It is shown that in the service sector most variables literally work in opposite directions in the birth and survival rates models. The spatial structures which promote the formation of new service firms are detrimental to the survival of these firms. This does not hold for the manufacturing sector where we find evidence for the ‘supportive environment thesis’. Obviously both industries have different requirements for their ‘seed bed’ but not for their survival.

Suggested Citation

  • Udo Brixy & Reinhold Grotz, 2007. "Regional patterns and determinants of birth and survival of new firms in Western Germany," Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 19(4), pages 293-312, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:entreg:v:19:y:2007:i:4:p:293-312
    DOI: 10.1080/08985620701275510
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Davidson, Russell & MacKinnon, James G., 1993. "Estimation and Inference in Econometrics," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780195060119.
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    Cited by:

    1. Calá, Carla Daniela, 2014. "Regional issues on firm entry and exit in argentina: core and peripheral regions," Nülan. Deposited Documents 2023, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Sociales, Centro de Documentación.
    2. Fackler, Daniel, 2014. "Establishment survival in East and West Germany: A comparative analysis," Discussion Papers 90, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
    3. Daniel Fackler & Claus Schnabel & Joachim Wagner, 2013. "Establishment exits in Germany: the role of size and age," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 41(3), pages 683-700, October.
    4. Fragoso, Rui Manuel de Sousa, 2015. "Habitat Features and Strategies for the Sustainable Development in the Alentejo Region," Brazilian Journal of Rural Economy and Sociology (RESR), Sociedade Brasileira de Economia e Sociologia Rural, vol. 53.
    5. Calá, Carla Daniela, 2015. "Firm dynamics in developing countries: a single policy for all regions?," Nülan. Deposited Documents 2650, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Sociales, Centro de Documentación.
    6. Calá, Carla Daniela & Manjón-Antolín, Miguel & Arauzo-Carod, Josep-Maria, 2017. "Regional determinants of exit across firms' size: evidence from a developing country," Nülan. Deposited Documents 2548, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Sociales, Centro de Documentación.
    7. Calá, Carla Daniela & Manjón-Antolín, Miguel & Arauzo-Carod, Josep-Maria, 2014. "The determinants of exit in Argentina: core and peripheral regions," Nülan. Deposited Documents 1976, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Sociales, Centro de Documentación.
    8. Koen Frenken & Elena Cefis & Erik Stam, 2015. "Industrial Dynamics and Clusters: A Survey," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 49(1), pages 10-27, January.
    9. repec:spr:anresc:v:59:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1007_s00168-017-0819-4 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Hans Lööf & Pardis Nabavi, 2014. "Survival, productivity and growth of new ventures across locations," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 43(2), pages 477-491, August.
    11. Maksim Belitski & Julia Korosteleva & Julia Korosteleva, 2012. "Entrepreneurial Dynamics and Higher Education Institutions: Evidence from the Post-Communist World," UCL SSEES Economics and Business working paper series 120, UCL School of Slavonic and East European Studies (SSEES).
    12. Malevergne, Y. & Saichev, A. & Sornette, D., 2013. "Zipf's law and maximum sustainable growth," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 37(6), pages 1195-1212.
    13. Klaesson, Johan & Larsson, Johan P, 2014. "Education and Self-employment Propensity," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 345, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
    14. repec:bla:tvecsg:v:108:y:2017:i:6:p:768-785 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. Chih-Cheng CHEN, 2015. "Industrial Agglomeration, Clusters, and Regional New Firm Formation: A Case Study of Taiwan’s Counties/Cities," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 15(1), pages 173-190.
    16. Carla Calá & Josep-Maria Arauzo-Carod & Miguel Manjón-Antolín, 2015. "The determinants of exit in a developing country: core and peripheral regions," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 54(3), pages 927-944, May.
    17. Mendoza-Abarca, Karla I. & Anokhin, Sergey & Zamudio, César, 2015. "Uncovering the influence of social venture creation on commercial venture creation: A population ecology perspective," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 30(6), pages 793-807.
    18. Calá, Carla Daniela, 2018. "Sectorial and regional determinants of firm dynamics in developing countries: evidence for low, medium and high tech manufacturing in Argentina," Nülan. Deposited Documents 2587, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Sociales, Centro de Documentación.
    19. Calá, Carla Daniela, 2015. "Regional issues on firm entry and exit in Argentina: core and peripheral regions," Nülan. Deposited Documents 2649, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Sociales, Centro de Documentación.
    20. repec:wsi:ijitmx:v:14:y:2017:i:05:n:s0219877017500250 is not listed on IDEAS
    21. Henry Renski, 2014. "The Influence of Industry Mix on Regional New Firm Formation in the United States," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(8), pages 1353-1370, August.
    22. Kim, Younghwan & Kim, Wonjoon & Yang, Taeyong, 2012. "The effect of the triple helix system and habitat on regional entrepreneurship: Empirical evidence from the U.S," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 41(1), pages 154-166.

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