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The impact of energy prices on employment and environmental performance : Evidence from french manufacturing establishments

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  • Giovanni Marin

    (Università degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo)

  • Francesco Vona

    (Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques)

Abstract

This paper evaluates the historical influence of energy prices on a series of measures of environmental and economic performance for a panel of French manufacturing establishments over the period 1997-2010. The focus on energy prices is motivated by the fact that changes in environmental and energy policies have been dominated by substantial reductions in discounts for large consumers, making the evaluation of each policy in isolation exceedingly difficult. To identify price effects, we construct a shift-share instrument that captures only the exogenous variation in establishmentspecific energy prices. Our results highlight a trade-off between environmental and economic goals: although a 10 percent increase in energy prices brings about a 6 percent reduction in energy consumption and to a 11 percent reduction in CO2 emissions, such an increase also has a modestly negative impact on employment (-2.6 percent) and very small impact on wages and productivity. The negative employment effects are mostly concentrated in energyintensive and trade-exposed sectors. Simulating the effect of a carbon tax, we show that job losses for the most exposed sectors can be quite large. However, these effects are upper bounds and we show that they are significantly mitigated in multi-plant firms by labor reallocation across establishments.

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  • Giovanni Marin & Francesco Vona, 2017. "The impact of energy prices on employment and environmental performance : Evidence from french manufacturing establishments," Sciences Po publications 26, Sciences Po.
  • Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/1jrfjrj6fp8t6q12fv5lra520c
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Energy prices; Establishment performance; Environmental policy; Energy Policy;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q52 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Pollution Control Adoption and Costs; Distributional Effects; Employment Effects
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy
    • H22 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Incidence
    • D22 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis

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