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The Macroeconomic Impact of NAFTA Termination

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  • Joseph Steinberg

    (University of Toronto)

Abstract

U.S. president Trump’s administration has threatened to leave the North American Free Trade Agreement, and policymakers need answers about the effects that will materialize if this threat is carried out. How much would each country and industry gain or lose? Would trade imbalances within the region diminish? What would be the short-run costs of adjusting to new production and expenditure patterns? I use a dynamic general equilibrium model with a detailed input-output production structure and endogenous, time-varying trade elasticities to provide quantitative answers to these questions. If NAFTA is terminated, trade between NAFTA members will fall dramatically, particularly in sectors like agriculture where tariffs trade elasticities are high, and production in the transportation sector would decline. The macroeconomic and welfare consequences of NAFTA termination, however, are minor, and trade imbalances in the region would not decline.

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  • Joseph Steinberg, 2018. "The Macroeconomic Impact of NAFTA Termination," 2018 Meeting Papers 753, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  • Handle: RePEc:red:sed018:753
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    3. Dmitry Matveev & Francisco Ruge-Murcia, 2020. "Tariffs and the Exchange Rate : Evidence from Twitter," Cahiers de recherche 19-2020, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ.
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    5. Juan Carlos Conesa & Matthew J. Delventhal & Pau S. Pujolas & Gajendran Raveendranathan, 2019. "Trade and Catching Up to the Industrial Leader," Department of Economics Working Papers 19-04, Stony Brook University, Department of Economics.
    6. Pedro Cavalcanti Ferreira & Alberto Trejos, 2022. "Trade and the propagation of global shocks," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 60(4), pages 1663-1680, October.

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