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Capital Accumulation and Dynamic Gains from Trade

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  • B. Ravikumar
  • Ana Maria Santacreu
  • Michael J. Sposi

Abstract

We compute welfare gains from trade in a dynamic, multi-country Ricardian model where international trade affects capital accumulation. We calibrate the model for 93 countries and examine transition paths between steady-states after a permanent, uniform trade liberalization across countries. Our model allows for both the relative price of investment and the investment rate to depend on the world distribution of trade barriers. Accounting for transitional dynamics, welfare gains are about 60 percent of those measured by comparing only the steady-states, and three times larger than those with no capital accumulation. We extend the model to incorporate adjustment costs to capital accumulation and endogenous trade imbalances. Relative to the model with balanced trade, the gains from trade increase more for small countries because they accumulate capital at faster rates by running trade deficits in the short run.

Suggested Citation

  • B. Ravikumar & Ana Maria Santacreu & Michael J. Sposi, 2017. "Capital Accumulation and Dynamic Gains from Trade," Globalization Institute Working Papers 296, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, revised 01 Mar 2018.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:feddgw:296
    DOI: 10.24149/gwp296r2
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Robert Zymek, 2018. "Bilateral Trade Imbalances," 2018 Meeting Papers 1117, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    2. Joseph Steinberg, 2018. "The Macroeconomic Impact of NAFTA Termination," 2018 Meeting Papers 753, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    3. Sergi Basco & Martí Mestieri, 2019. "The world income distribution: the effects of international unbundling of production," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 24(2), pages 189-221, June.
    4. George Alessandria & Horag Choi & Kim Ruhl, 2014. "Trade Adjustment Dynamics and the Welfare Gains from Trade," NBER Working Papers 20663, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. David Kohn & Fernando Leibovici & Michal Szkup, 2019. "Financial Development and Trade Liberalization," 2019 Meeting Papers 1212, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    6. Michael J. Sposi, 2017. "Demographics and the Evolution of Global Imbalances," Globalization Institute Working Papers 332, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, revised 15 Apr 2019.
    7. Yang, Han, 2019. "Dynamic Trade, Education and Intergenerational Inequality," MPRA Paper 96054, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Ricardo Reyes-Heroles, 2018. "Globalization and Structural Change in the United States: A Quantitative Assessment," 2018 Meeting Papers 1027, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    9. Horag Choi & George Alessandria, 2015. "The Dynamics of the Trade Balance and the Real Exchange Rate: The J Curve and Trade Costs?," 2015 Meeting Papers 1413, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    10. Jonas C. Crews & Fernando Leibovici, 2018. "Trade Adjusts Gradually After Trade Liberalization," Economic Synopses, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, issue 1, pages 1-2.
    11. Wyatt J. Brooks & Pau S. Pujolas, 2018. "Capital accumulation and the welfare gains from trade," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 66(2), pages 491-523, August.
    12. Michael Sposi & Ana Maria Santacreu, 2017. "Trade Liberalization Versus Protectionism: Are the Dynamic Welfare Implications Symmetric?," 2017 Meeting Papers 1617, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    13. Alvarez, Fernando, 2017. "Capital accumulation and international trade," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 91(C), pages 1-18.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    capital accumulation; dynamics; trade imbalances; Welfare gains;

    JEL classification:

    • E22 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Investment; Capital; Intangible Capital; Capacity
    • F62 - International Economics - - Economic Impacts of Globalization - - - Macroeconomic Impacts
    • F11 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Neoclassical Models of Trade

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