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Capital Accumulation and Dynamic Gains from Trade

Author

Listed:
  • B. Ravikumar

    () (Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis)

  • Ana Maria Santacreu

    () (Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis)

  • Michael Sposi

    () (Southern Methodist University & Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas)

Abstract

We compute welfare gains from trade in a dynamic, multicountry model with capital accumulation and trade imbalances. We develop a gradient-free method to compute the exact transition path following a trade liberalization. We find that (i) larger countries accumulate a current account surplus, and financial resources flow from larger countries to smaller countries, boosting consumption in the latter, (ii) countries with larger short-run trade deficits accumulate capital faster, (iii) the gains are nonlinear in the reduction in trade costs, and (iv) capital accumulation accounts for substantial gains. The net foreign asset position before the liberalization is positively correlated with the gains. The tradables intensity in consumption goods production determines the static gains, and the tradables intensity in investment goods production determines the dynamic gains that include capital accumulation.

Suggested Citation

  • B. Ravikumar & Ana Maria Santacreu & Michael Sposi, 2018. "Capital Accumulation and Dynamic Gains from Trade," Departmental Working Papers 1810, Southern Methodist University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:smu:ecowpa:1810
    as

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    File URL: https://ftp1.economics.smu.edu/WorkingPapers/2018/SPOSI/SPOSI-2018-11.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Anderson, James & Larch, Mario & Yotov, Yoto, 2015. "Growth and Trade with Frictions: A Structural Estimation Framework," School of Economics Working Paper Series 2015-2, LeBow College of Business, Drexel University.
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    5. Michael Sposi & B Ravikumar & Piyusha Mutreja, 2014. "Capital goods trade and economic development," 2014 Meeting Papers 1374, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    6. Costas Arkolakis & Arnaud Costinot & Andres Rodriguez-Clare, 2012. "New Trade Models, Same Old Gains?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 102(1), pages 94-130, February.
    7. Wyatt J. Brooks & Pau S. Pujolas, 2018. "Capital accumulation and the welfare gains from trade," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 66(2), pages 491-523, August.
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    11. Caliendo, Lorenzo & Dvorkin, Maximiliano & Parro, Fernando, 2015. "Trade and Labor Market Dynamics: General Equilibrium Analysis of the China Trade Shock," Working Papers 2015-9, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, revised 29 Jan 2019.
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    13. Ricardo Reyes-Heroles, 2017. "The Role of Trade Costs in the Surge of Trade Imbalances," 2017 Meeting Papers 212, Society for Economic Dynamics.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Joseph Steinberg, 2018. "The Macroeconomic Impact of NAFTA Termination," 2018 Meeting Papers 753, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    2. Alessandria, George & Choi, Horag & Ruhl, Kim J., 2014. "Trade adjustment dynamics and the welfare gains from trade," Working Papers 14-14, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.
    3. Sposi, Michael J., 2017. "Demographics and the Evolution of Global Imbalances," Globalization Institute Working Papers 332, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.
    4. Ricardo Reyes-Heroles, 2018. "Globalization and Structural Change in the United States: A Quantitative Assessment," 2018 Meeting Papers 1027, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    5. repec:fip:fedles:00097 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Wyatt J. Brooks & Pau S. Pujolas, 2018. "Capital accumulation and the welfare gains from trade," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 66(2), pages 491-523, August.
    7. Michael Sposi & Ana Maria Santacreu, 2017. "Trade Liberalization Versus Protectionism: Are the Dynamic Welfare Implications Symmetric?," 2017 Meeting Papers 1617, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    8. repec:eee:moneco:v:91:y:2017:i:c:p:1-18 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Welfare gains; Dynamics; Capital accumulation; Trade imbalances;

    JEL classification:

    • E22 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Investment; Capital; Intangible Capital; Capacity
    • F11 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Neoclassical Models of Trade
    • F62 - International Economics - - Economic Impacts of Globalization - - - Macroeconomic Impacts

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