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Real Exchange Rate and the Structure of Exports

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  • Cimoli, Mario
  • Fleitas, Sebastian
  • Porcile, Gabriel

Abstract

This paper discusses the effects of the real exchange rate (RER) on the structure of exports. Based on a North-South Ricardian model, two hypotheses are suggested and tested. The first one is that a higher RER allows for a higher diversification of exports. The second hypothesis is that this diversification raises the technological intensity of exports. We find favorable evidence for the two hypotheses from a panel data study including 111 counties in the period 1965-2005. From these results it is argued that a competitive RER should be considered a relevant variable in the process of economic development as it encourages the transformation of the pattern of specialization.

Suggested Citation

  • Cimoli, Mario & Fleitas, Sebastian & Porcile, Gabriel, 2011. "Real Exchange Rate and the Structure of Exports," MPRA Paper 37846, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:37846
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    3. A. Wondemu Kifle & Potts David, 2016. "Working Paper 240 - The Impact of the Real Exchange Rate Changes on Export Performance in Tanzania and Ethiopia," Working Paper Series 2348, African Development Bank.
    4. Viviana A. Alfonso-Corredor & Enrique Montes-Uribe & María A. Prieto-Sánchez & Héctor M. Zárate-Solano, 2019. "Determinantes y evolución de los precios y cantidades de las principales exportaciones agrícolas de Colombia diferentes al café," Borradores de Economia 1100, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    5. Diana Barros, Aurora A.C. Teixeira, 2021. "The technology balance of payments and international competitiveness: a panel data analysis of southern European countries, 2000-2017," European Journal of Comparative Economics, Cattaneo University (LIUC), vol. 18(1), pages 105-136, June.
    6. Elodie Mania & Arsène Rieber, 2019. "Product export diversification and sustainable economic growth in developing countries," Post-Print hal-02297128, HAL.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    export diversification; real exchange rate;

    JEL classification:

    • N7 - Economic History - - Economic History: Transport, International and Domestic Trade, Energy, and Other Services

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