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Schooling and Educational Attainment: Evidence from Bangladesh

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  • Pushkar Maitra

Abstract

Education and human capital accumulation are essential components of eco- nomic development. This paper attempts to identify some of the individual and household level characteristics that affect the demand for schooling in Bangladesh. We examine (1) current enrolment status of children aged 6 - 12 and (2) the highest grade attained for children aged 13 - 24. The first is estimated using a standard probit model and the second using a censored ordered probit model. Estimation results show that there is no gender differential in current enrolment status but grade attainment is higher by girls, relative to boys. Increases in the permanent income of the household is always associated with an increase in educational attainment. Parental education generally has a positive and statis- tically significant effect on the educational attainment of children and mother's education has a stronger effect on both school enrolment and grade attainment of children compared to father's education.

Suggested Citation

  • Pushkar Maitra, 2001. "Schooling and Educational Attainment: Evidence from Bangladesh," ASARC Working Papers 2001-07, The Australian National University, Australia South Asia Research Centre.
  • Handle: RePEc:pas:asarcc:2001-07
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    3. Abdul Malik Iddrisu & Michael Danquah & Peter Quartey, 2017. "Analysis of School Enrollment in Ghana: A Sequential Approach," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(4), pages 1158-1177, November.
    4. David McKenzie & Hillel Rapoport, 2011. "Can migration reduce educational attainment? Evidence from Mexico," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 24(4), pages 1331-1358, October.
    5. Mussa, Richard, 2009. "Household economic status, schooling costs, and schooling bias against non-biological children in Malawi," MPRA Paper 15855, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 21 Jun 2009.
    6. Chijioke O Nwosu & Umakrishnan Kollamparambil & Adeola Oyenubi, 2022. "Socio-economic inequalities in ability to work from home during the coronavirus pandemic," The Economic and Labour Relations Review, , vol. 33(2), pages 290-307, June.
    7. J. Driessen & A. Razzaque & D. Walker & D. Canning, 2015. "The effect of childhood measles vaccination on school enrolment in Matlab, Bangladesh," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 47(55), pages 6019-6040, November.
    8. Assaad, Ragui & Hendy, Rana & Salehi-Isfahani, Djavad, 2019. "Inequality of opportunity in educational attainment in the Middle East and North Africa: Evidence from household surveys," International Journal of Educational Development, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 24-43.
    9. Köllner, Sebastian, 2013. "Remittances and educational attainment: Evidence from Tajikistan," Discussion Paper Series 124, Julius Maximilian University of Würzburg, Chair of Economic Order and Social Policy.
    10. David McKenzie & Hillel Rapoport, 2006. "Can Migration Reduce Educational Attainments? Depressing Evidence from Mexico," RF Berlin - CReAM Discussion Paper Series 0601, Rockwool Foundation Berlin (RF Berlin) - Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM).
    11. Anindita Chakrabarti, 2009. "Determinants of Participation in Higher Education and Choice of Disciplines," South Asia Economic Journal, Institute of Policy Studies of Sri Lanka, vol. 10(2), pages 371-402, July.
    12. W. Nabiddo & B.L. Yawe & F. Wasswa, 2022. "Education attainment and household education expenditure in Uganda: An empirical investigation," Journal of Economic Policy and Management Issues, JEPMI, vol. 1(1), pages 21-49.
    13. Mary Arends-Kuenning & Suzanne Duryea, 2006. "The Effect of Parental Presence, Parents’ Education, and Household Headship on Adolescents’ Schooling and Work in Latin America," Journal of Family and Economic Issues, Springer, vol. 27(2), pages 263-286, June.
    14. Jeenat Binta Jabbar, 2022. "Effects of parental migration on the education of left-behind children," Technium Social Sciences Journal, Technium Science, vol. 33(1), pages 309-350, July.
    15. Khanam, Rasheda & Ross, Russell, 2005. "Impact of Child Labour on School Attendance and School Attainment: Evidence from Bangladesh," MPRA Paper 9397, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Apr 2008.
    16. Jad Chaaban & Wael Mansour, 2012. "The Impact of Remittances on Education in Jordan, Syria and Lebanon," Working Papers 684, Economic Research Forum, revised 2012.
    17. Shafiq, M. Najeeb, 2007. "Household schooling and child labor decisions in rural Bangladesh," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(6), pages 946-966, December.
    18. Rasheda Khanam & Russell Ross, 2011. "Is child work a deterrent to school attendance and school attainment?," International Journal of Social Economics, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, vol. 38(8), pages 692-713, July.
    19. Andrew Foster & Sveta Milusheva, 2015. "Household Recombination, Retrospective Evaluation, and the Effects of a Health and Family Planning Intervention," Working Papers id:7183, eSocialSciences.
    20. Aubrey Keeler Saunders & Samuel Brazys, 2022. "Does Distance Matter? Proximity to Exporting Firms on Child Labour and Education Rates: Evidence from Bangladesh," Working Papers 202206, Geary Institute, University College Dublin.
    21. Thai, Pham Huu Hong, 2018. "Does household credit benefit child schooling for the poorest ethnic minorities? New evidence from a transitional economy," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 89(C), pages 103-112.
    22. Sami Ullah Khan & Muhammad Jehangir Khan, 2016. "The Impact of Remittances on Child Education in Pakistan," Lahore Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, vol. 21(1), pages 69-98, Jan-June.
    23. Jigme Nidup, 2016. "Determinants of School Enrolment in Bhutan: Does Income Matter to Poor?," Asian Journal of Economic Modelling, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 4(2), pages 95-103, June.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Schooling; Education Attainment; Censored Ordered Probit; Bangladesh;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • C25 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions; Probabilities

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