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Pro-competitive effects of globalisation on prices, productivity and markups: Evidence in the Euro Area

Author

Listed:
  • R. S.-H. LEE

    (Insee, Polytechnique et Crest-LMA)

  • M. PAK

    (OCDE)

Abstract

Global trade has recently slowed down after a peak in the 1990s and early 2000s. Existing literature shows evidence of pro-competitive effects of trade liberalisation during this booming period on prices, productivity and markups. The goal of this paper is to assess whether such pro-competitive effects are still carried on in the manufacturing industry of five Euro Area countries (Austria, Germany, Spain, France and Italy). Our analysis is based on Melitz and Ottaviano’s (2008) theoretical framework and its empirical setup by Chen et al. (2004, 2009). Our contribution is twofold. First, we use traditional trade indicators (gross and value added exports and imports) but also novel indicators that account for the development of global value chains. Second, from the findings of Chen et al. (2004, 2009), we go further by investigating the effect of trade at sector level with respect to quality upgrading and firm concentration. We find that pro-competitive effects are more significant when using import penetration in value-added terms and such effects are particularly strong in sectors with low concentration. Indeed, higher concentration seems to mitigate the trade-induced competition. However, our model focuses on price competition and further research on the quality upgrading would be complementary to our results.

Suggested Citation

  • R. S.-H. Lee & M. Pak, 2018. "Pro-competitive effects of globalisation on prices, productivity and markups: Evidence in the Euro Area," Documents de Travail de l'Insee - INSEE Working Papers g2018-06, Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques.
  • Handle: RePEc:nse:doctra:g2018-06
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    File URL: https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/fichier/version-html/3634416/G2018-06.pdf
    File Function: Document de travail de la DESE numéro G2018/06
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    Cited by:

    1. A. Arrighetti & E. Bartoloni & F. Landini & C. Pollio, 2019. "Exuberant proclivity towards non-standard employment: evidence from linked employer-employee data," Economics Department Working Papers 2019-EP02, Department of Economics, Parma University (Italy).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    inflation; markups; productivity; competition; globalisation;

    JEL classification:

    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms
    • L16 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Industrial Organization and Macroeconomics; Macroeconomic Industrial Structure

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