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From Chronic Inflation to Chronic Deflation: Focusing on Expectations and Liquidity Disarray Since WWII

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  • Guillermo A. Calvo

Abstract

The paper discusses policy relevant models, going from (1) chronic inflation in the 20th century after WWII, to (2) credit sudden stop episodes that got exacerbated in Developed Market economies after the 2008 Lehman crisis, and appear to be associated with chronic deflation. The discussion highlights the importance of expectations and liquidity, and warns about the risks of relegating liquidity to a secondary role, as has been the practice in mainstream macro models prior to the Great Recession.

Suggested Citation

  • Guillermo A. Calvo, 2016. "From Chronic Inflation to Chronic Deflation: Focusing on Expectations and Liquidity Disarray Since WWII," NBER Working Papers 22535, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:22535
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    3. Carlos Esteban Posada Posada & Wilman Gómez & Remberto Rhenals, 2021. "Caída y convergencia mundial de las tasas de inflación," Documentos de Trabajo de Valor Público 19129, Universidad EAFIT.
    4. Guillermo A. Calvo, 2019. "Liquidity Deflation and Liquidity Trap under Flexible Prices: Some Microfoundations and Implications," NBER Working Papers 26277, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • E41 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Demand for Money
    • E42 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Monetary Sytsems; Standards; Regimes; Government and the Monetary System
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy

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