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Bank Quality, Judicial Efficiency and Borrower Runs: Loan Repayment Delays in Italy

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  • Fabio Schiantarelli
  • Massimiliano Stacchini
  • Philip E. Strahan

Abstract

Exposure to liquidity risk makes banks vulnerable to runs from both depositors and from wholesale, short-term investors. This paper shows empirically that banks are also vulnerable to run-like behavior from borrowers who delay their loan repayments (default). Firms in Italy defaulted more against banks with high levels of past losses. We control for borrower fundamentals with firm-quarter fixed effects; thus, identification comes from a firm's choice to default against one bank versus another, depending upon their health. This `selective' default increases where legal enforcement is weak. Poor enforcement thus can create a systematic loan risk by encouraging borrowers to default en masse once the continuation value of their bank relationships comes into doubt.

Suggested Citation

  • Fabio Schiantarelli & Massimiliano Stacchini & Philip E. Strahan, 2016. "Bank Quality, Judicial Efficiency and Borrower Runs: Loan Repayment Delays in Italy," NBER Working Papers 22034, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:22034
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    Cited by:

    1. Drozd, Lukasz A. & Serrano-Padial, Ricardo, 2018. "Financial contracting with enforcement externalities," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 178(C), pages 153-189.
    2. Suarez, Javier & Sánchez Serrano, Antonio, 2018. "Approaching non-performing loans from a macroprudential angle," Report of the Advisory Scientific Committee 7, European Systemic Risk Board.
    3. Fabiano Schivardi & Enrico Sette & Guido Tabellini, 2017. "Credit misallocation during the European financial crisis," BIS Working Papers 669, Bank for International Settlements.
    4. Roman Horvath, 2018. "Financial market fragmentation and monetary transmission in the euro area: what do we know?," Journal of Economic Policy Reform, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(4), pages 319-334, October.
    5. Giulia Canzian & Antonella Rita Ferrara, 2021. "Judicial Efficiency and Banks Credit Risk Exposure," CESifo Working Paper Series 8930, CESifo.
    6. Raffaele Santioni & Fabio Schiantarelli & Philip E. Strahan, 2017. "Internal Capital Markets in Times of Crisis: The Benefit of Group Affiliation in Italy," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 929, Boston College Department of Economics, revised 20 Aug 2019.
    7. Fabiano Schivardi & Enrico Sette & Guido Tabellini, 2022. "Credit Misallocation During the European Financial Crisis [Firms, failures, and fluctuations: the macroeconomics of supply chain disruptions]," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 132(641), pages 391-423.
    8. Frederico A. Mourad & Rafael F. Schiozer & Toni R. E. dos Santos, 2020. "Bank Loan Forbearance: evidence from a million restructured loans," Working Papers Series 541, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.
    9. Greta Falavigna & Roberto Ippoliti, 2021. "Legal environment and corporate finance: evidence from the Italian manufacturing industry," Journal of Economic Structures, Springer;Pan-Pacific Association of Input-Output Studies (PAPAIOS), vol. 10(1), pages 1-16, December.
    10. Morales-Acevedo, Paola, 2016. "Firms’ Strategic Choice of Loan Delinquencies," Working Paper Series 321, Sveriges Riksbank (Central Bank of Sweden).
    11. Kumar Debasis Dutta & Mallika Saha, 2021. "Nexus of governance, macroprudential policy and financial risk: cross-country evidence," Economic Change and Restructuring, Springer, vol. 54(4), pages 1253-1298, November.
    12. Miloš Božović, 2021. "Judicial efficiency and loan performance: micro evidence from Serbia," European Journal of Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 52(1), pages 33-56, August.
    13. Alessi, Lucia & Bruno, Brunella & Carletti, Elena & Neugebauer, Katja, 2019. "What drives bank coverage ratios: Evidence from the euro area," Working Papers 2019-14, Joint Research Centre, European Commission.
    14. Brunella Bruno & Immacolata Marino, 2018. "How Do Banks Respond to Non-Performing Loans?," CSEF Working Papers 513, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy, revised 30 Jul 2021.
    15. Parimal Kumar Giri & Sagar S. De & Sachidananda Dehuri & Sung‐Bae Cho, 2021. "Biogeography based optimization for mining rules to assess credit risk," Intelligent Systems in Accounting, Finance and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 28(1), pages 35-51, January.
    16. Saha, Mallika & Dutta, Kumar Debasis, 2021. "Does governance quality enhance the efficacy of macroprudential policy?," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 204(C).
    17. Bermpei, Theodora & Kalyvas, Antonios & Nguyen, Thanh Cong, 2018. "Does institutional quality condition the effect of bank regulations and supervision on bank stability? Evidence from emerging and developing economies," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 255-275.
    18. Brunella Bruno & Immacolata Marino, 2017. "Bad loans and resource allocation in crisis years: Evidence from European banks," BAFFI CAREFIN Working Papers 1752, BAFFI CAREFIN, Centre for Applied Research on International Markets Banking Finance and Regulation, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy.
    19. Sutherland, Andrew, 2018. "Does credit reporting lead to a decline in relationship lending? Evidence from information sharing technology," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 66(1), pages 123-141.
    20. Giacomo Rodano, 2021. "Judicial efficiency and bank credit to firms," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1322, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    21. Vincenzo D'Apice & Franco Fiordelisi & Giovanni W. Puopolo, 2020. "Judicial Efficiency and Lending Quality," CSEF Working Papers 588, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy.
    22. Lončarski, Igor & Marinč, Matej, 2020. "The political economy of relationship banking," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 51(C).
    23. Michel Alexandre & Thiago Christiano Silva & Krzysztof Michalak & Francisco A. Rodrigues, 2021. "Does Default Pecking Order Impact Systemic Risk? Evidence from Brazilian data," Working Papers Series 557, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.
    24. Panagiotis Avramidis & Ioannis Asimakopoulos & Dimitris Malliaropulos, 2021. "Disrupted lending relationship and borrower's strategic default: evidence from the tourism industry during the Greek economic crisis," Working Papers 285, Bank of Greece.

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