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Host-Country Financial Development and Multinational Activity

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  • Kamran Bilir
  • Davin Chor
  • Kalina Manova

Abstract

This paper evaluates the influence of host-country financial development on the global operations of multinational firms. Using detailed U.S. data, we provide evidence that host-country financial development increases entry by multinational affiliates, while also decreasing affiliate sales in the local market relative to the parent country and third-country destinations. These effects are more pronounced in industries that depend more on external sources of financing. The patterns are consistent with the combination of two effects of financial development: 1) a competition effect that reduces individual affiliates' revenues in the host market due to increased entry by domestic firms, and 2) a financing effect that raises affiliate entry and aggregate sales due to affiliates' improved access to external finance in the host country.

Suggested Citation

  • Kamran Bilir & Davin Chor & Kalina Manova, 2014. "Host-Country Financial Development and Multinational Activity," NBER Working Papers 20046, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:20046
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    Cited by:

    1. Kandilov, Ivan T. & Leblebicioğlu, Aslı & Petkova, Neviana, 2017. "Cross-border mergers and acquisitions: The importance of local credit and source country finance," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 288-318.
    2. Aizenman, Joshua & Jinjarak, Yothin & Zheng, Huanhuan, 2018. "Chinese outwards mercantilism – The art and practice of bundling," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 86(C), pages 31-49.
    3. Desbordes, Rodolphe & Wei, Shang-Jin, 2017. "The effects of financial development on foreign direct investment," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 127(C), pages 153-168.
    4. Kandilov, Ivan T. & Leblebicioğlu, Asli & Petkova, Neviana, 2016. "The impact of banking deregulation on inbound foreign direct investment: Transaction-level evidence from the United States," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 100(C), pages 138-159.
    5. Crinò, Rosario & Ogliari, Laura, 2015. "Financial Frictions, Product Quality, and International Trade," CEPR Discussion Papers 10555, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    6. repec:oup:wbecrv:v:30:y:2017:i:supplement_1:p:s2-s15. is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Donaubauer, Julian & Neumayer, Eric & Nunnenkamp, Peter, 2016. "Financial market development in host and source countries and its effects on bilateral FDI," Kiel Working Papers 2029, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration
    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General

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