Une approche non probabiliste d'analyse de la dynamique multidimensionnelle du bien-être. Pauvreté, vulnérabilité et exclusion
Based on Amartya Sen's capability approach, this study first built non probabilist theoretical framework of analysis of multidimensional dynamic of welfare taking the interactions between its different components into account. Then, it developed theoretical analyses based on this framework before to propose a method of empirical application of this model on a panel with two observations. Theoretical analyses of the dynamic of welfare – by step diagram method – point out the importance of such dynamic analysis. Indeed, from two instances, on the one hand, these analyses show that the combination of the structural policies which aim at to develop opportunities or to facilitate their access and the policies which aim at to increase households capabilities would rapidly lead to sensitive poverty reduction. On the other hand, these analyses point out that the efficiency of an anti-poverty policy depends on the nature of the dynamic of welfare. One anti-poverty policy which revealed itself effective in one locality can be ineffective in an other one, if the dynamics of welfare in both localities have not same nature. An implementation of this dynamic model on a panel with two observations enables to apprehend (i) multidimensional vulnerability of each household and the degree of this vulnerability, (ii) discriminating of welfare dynamic according to gender, social class, ethnic group, locality and so on, (iii) social factors – discrimination, social and legal norms and so on – which are constraints to a positive dynamic of welfare, (iv) importance of each component of potentialities into multidimensional dynamic of well-being. For a given population, the application of this dynamic model successively on different panels corresponding to different periods permits to apprehend the evolution (on time) of (i) difficulties or facilities of households or some specifics groups access to opportunities and (ii) social constraints which hang over dynamic of welfare. That allows to know if structural policies are making in the sense of a progressive insertion of poor. Thus, this framework can enable to apprehend dynamic of well-being of a population into several aspects. However, valuations of this method require high quality of database about relatively important number of households. In the contrary case, the robustness of results is not guaranteed.(Full text in French)
|Date of creation:||May 2002|
|Contact details of provider:|| |
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Ravallion, Martin & Datt, Gaurav, 1996. "How Important to India's Poor Is the Sectoral Composition of Economic Growth?," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 10(1), pages 1-25, January.
- Atkinson, Anthony B, 1999. " The Contributions of Amartya Sen to Welfare Economics," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 101(2), pages 173-190, June.
- Cecilia Garcia-Penalosa & Eve Caroli & Philippe Aghion, 1999.
"Inequality and Economic Growth: The Perspective of the New Growth Theories,"
Journal of Economic Literature,
American Economic Association, vol. 37(4), pages 1615-1660, December.
- Aghion, Philippe & Caroli, Eve & Garcia-Penalosa, Cecilia, 1999. "Inequality and economic growth: the perspective of the new growth theories," CEPREMAP Working Papers (Couverture Orange) 9908, CEPREMAP.
- Aghion, Philippe & Caroli, Eve & GarcÃa-PeÃ±alosa, Cecilia, 1999. "Inequality and Economic Growth: The Perspective of the New Growth Theories," Scholarly Articles 12502063, Harvard University Department of Economics.
- Jean-Pierre Lachaud, 2000. "La pauvreté aux Comores : concepts, mesure et analyse," Série de recherche 04, Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV.
- Jean-Pierre Lachaud, 1997. "Salaire d'efficience, vulnérabilité du travail et chômage urbain au Burkina Faso," Documents de travail 16, Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV.
- repec:dau:papers:123456789/10091 is not listed on IDEAS
- Kakwani, Nanak, 1993. "Poverty and Economic Growth with Application to Cote d'Ivoire," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 39(2), pages 121-139, June.
- Jean-Pierre Lachaud, 1996. "Pauvreté,vulnérabilité et marché du travail au Burkina Faso," Série de recherche 02, Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV. Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:mon:ceddtr:70. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: ()
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.