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FDI and Heterogeneous Performance of European Enterprises

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  • Valeria Gattai
  • Giorgia Sali

Abstract

This paper investigates the link between internationalization and performance in Europe. It takes a microeconomic perspective and studies how Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) experience relates with European firms’ economic, innovation and financial performance. Drawing on a large longitudinal database, our multinomial logit estimates suggest that FDI really matters. Indeed, firms experiencing some FDI (either inward, outward or both) enjoy a superior performance compared with purely domestic enterprises. Moreover, within the class of FDI players, firms engaged in inward and outward FDI turn out to be better than those engaged only in outward FDI, which are better than those engaged only in inward FDI. These results are robust to several performance measures and alternative specifications including firm, industry and country controls.

Suggested Citation

  • Valeria Gattai & Giorgia Sali, 2015. "FDI and Heterogeneous Performance of European Enterprises," Working Papers 291, University of Milano-Bicocca, Department of Economics, revised Feb 2015.
  • Handle: RePEc:mib:wpaper:291
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    Cited by:

    1. Chiara Criscuolo & Angelo Secchi, 2016. "Resources (mis)allocation, innovation and the competitiveness of Europe," Economia e Politica Industriale: Journal of Industrial and Business Economics, Springer;Associazione Amici di Economia e Politica Industriale, vol. 43(1), pages 1-9, March.

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    Keywords

    FDI; Heterogeneous firms; Europe;

    JEL classification:

    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance
    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe

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