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Domestic versus Cross-Border Acquisitions: Which Impact on the Target Frims' Performance?

Author

Listed:
  • Bertrand, Olivier

    () (University of Toulouse)

  • Zitouna, Habib

    (Ècole Supérieure des Sciences Èconomiques et Commerciales de Tunis (Tunisia))

Abstract

This paper investigates the effects of horizontal acquisitions on the performance of target firms in the 1990's. Using French manufacturing firm-level data, we examine two main indicators of performance: the profit and the productive efficieny. We distinguish domestic from cross-in-difference estimation techniques associated to a matching propensity score procedure. We find that M&A do not increase the profit of French target firms. These results suggest that firms probably redistribute efficiency gains at the upstream and/or downstream production stage. There is no evidence of an increase in market power. In addition, the consequences of domestic and cross-border M&A significantly differ. Efficiency gains are stronger for cross-border M&A. This conclusion is however true only for extra-Europan Union operations. The achievement in the European economic integrtion certainly explains the absence of difference between European and domestic acquisitions. Finally, our results cast some doubt on the frequent discrimination attitude towards foreign takeovers and the fears of their impact on firms' performance and the hos country's welfare.

Suggested Citation

  • Bertrand, Olivier & Zitouna, Habib, 2005. "Domestic versus Cross-Border Acquisitions: Which Impact on the Target Frims' Performance?," Working Paper Series 647, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:iuiwop:0647
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Van Biesebroeck, Johannes, 2008. "The Sensitivity of Productivity Estimates," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 26, pages 311-328.
    2. Rachel Griffith & Helen Simpson, 2004. "Characteristics of Foreign-Owned Firms in British Manufacturing," NBER Chapters,in: Seeking a Premier Economy: The Economic Effects of British Economic Reforms, 1980-2000, pages 147-180 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    Keywords

    Multinational Firms; Foreign Direct Investment; Mergers and Acquisitions; Take-Overs; Firms' Performance;

    JEL classification:

    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • L10 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - General
    • L20 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - General

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