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Do Firms Learn by Exporting or Learn to Export? Evidence from Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs) in Swedish Manufacturing

  • Eliasson, Kent

    ()

    (Growth Analysis)

  • Hansson, Pär

    ()

    (Growth Analysis)

  • Lindvert, Markus

    ()

    (Growth Analysis)

Using a matching approach, we compare the productivity trajectories of future exporters and matched and unmatched non-exporters. Future exporters have higher productivity than do unmatched non-exporters before entry into the export market, which indicates self-selection into exports. More interestingly, we also find a productivity increase among future exporters relative to matched non-exporters 1-2 years before export entry. However, the productivity gap between future exporters and matched non-exporters does not continue to grow after export entry. Our results suggest that learning-to-export occurs but that learning-by-exporting does not. In contrast to previous studies on Swedish manufacturing, we focus particularly on small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs).

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Paper provided by Umeå University, Department of Economics in its series Umeå Economic Studies with number 793.

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Length: 34 pages
Date of creation: 27 Nov 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:umnees:0793
Contact details of provider: Postal: Department of Economics, Umeå University, S-901 87 Umeå, Sweden
Phone: 090 - 786 61 42
Fax: 090 - 77 23 02
Web page: http://www.econ.umu.se/Email:


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