Monetary Shocks and Central Bank Liquidity with Credit Market Imperfections
This paper analyzes the transmission process of monetary policy in a closed-economy New Keynesian model with monopolistic banking, credit market imperfections, and a cost channel. Lending rates incorporate a risk premium, which depends on firms' net worth and cyclical output. The supply of bank loans is perfectly elastic at the prevailing bank rate and so is the provision of central bank liquidity at the official policy rate. The model is calibrated for a middle-income country. Numerical simulations show that credit market imperfections and sluggish adjustment of bank deposit rates (rather than lending rates) may impart a substantial degree of persistence in the response of output and inflation to monetary shocks.
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