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Capital Regulation, Monetary Policy and Financial Stability

  • Pierre-Richard Agénor
  • K. Alper
  • Luiz A. Pereira da Silva

This paper examines the roles of bank capital regulation and monetary policy in mitigating procyclicality and promoting macroeconomic and financial stability. The analysis is based on a dynamic stochastic model with imperfect credit markets. Macroeconomic (financial) stability is defined in terms of the volatility of nominal income (real house prices). Numerical experiments show that even if monetary policy can react strongly to inflation deviations from target, combining a credit-augmented interest rate rule and a Basel III-type countercyclical capital regulatory rule may be optimal for promoting overall economic stability. The greater the degree of interest rate smoothing, and the stronger the policymaker’s concern with macroeconomic stability, the larger is the sensitivity of the regulatory rule to credit growth gaps.

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File URL: http://www.bcb.gov.br/pec/wps/ingl/wps237.pdf
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Paper provided by Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department in its series Working Papers Series with number 237.

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Date of creation: Apr 2011
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Handle: RePEc:bcb:wpaper:237
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.bcb.gov.br/?english

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