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Cross-Country Empirical Studies of Systemic Bank Distress: A Survey

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  • Asli Demirgüç-Kunt
  • Enrica Detragiache

    (Development Research Group, The World Bank, and Research Department, International Monetary Fund)

Abstract

A rapidly growing empirical literature is studying the causes and consequences of bank fragility in contemporary economies. The paper reviews the two basic methodologies adopted in cross-country empirical studies, the signals approach and the multivariate probability model, and their application to study the determinants of banking crises. The use of these models to provide early warnings for crises is also reviewed, as are studies of the economic effects of banking crises and of the policies to forestall them. The paper concludes by identifying directions for future research.

Suggested Citation

  • Asli Demirgüç-Kunt & Enrica Detragiache, 2005. "Cross-Country Empirical Studies of Systemic Bank Distress: A Survey," National Institute Economic Review, National Institute of Economic and Social Research, vol. 192(1), pages 68-83, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:niesru:v:192:y:2005:i:1:p:68-83
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    Banking crises; financial fragility;

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