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An Adaptive Approach to Forecasting Three Key Macroeconomic Variables for Transitional China

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  • Linlin Niu
  • Xiu Xu
  • Ying Chen

Abstract

We propose the use of a local autoregressive (LAR) model for adaptive estimation and forecasting of three of China’s key macroeconomic variables: GDP growth, inflation and the 7-day interbank lending rate. The approach takes into account possible structural changes in the data-generating process to select a local homogeneous interval for model estimation, and is particularly well-suited to a transition economy experiencing ongoing shifts in policy and structural adjustment. Our results indicate that the proposed method outperforms alternative models and forecast methods, especially for forecast horizons of 3 to 12 months. Our 1-quarter ahead adaptive forecasts even match the performance of the well-known CMRC Langrun survey forecast. The selected homogeneous intervals indicate gradual changes in growth of industrial production driven by constant evolution of the real economy in China, as well as abrupt changes in interestrate and inflation dynamics that capture monetary policy shifts.

Suggested Citation

  • Linlin Niu & Xiu Xu & Ying Chen, 2015. "An Adaptive Approach to Forecasting Three Key Macroeconomic Variables for Transitional China," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2015-023, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:hum:wpaper:sfb649dp2015-023
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    Cited by:

    1. Xinjue Li & Lenka Zbonakova & Wolfgang Karl Härdle, 2017. "Penalized Adaptive Method in Forecasting with Large Information Set and Structure Change," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2017-023, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.

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    Keywords

    Chinese economy; local parametric models; forecasting;

    JEL classification:

    • E43 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Interest Rates: Determination, Term Structure, and Effects
    • E47 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications

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