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Macroeconomic Forecasting and Structural Change

  • D'Agostino, Antonello

    (Central Bank and Financial Services Authority of Ireland)

  • Gambetti, Luca

    (Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona)

  • Giannone, Domenico

    (ECARES, Université Libre de Bruxelles)

  • Giannone, Domenico

The aim of this paper is to assess whether explicitly modeling structural change increases the accuracy of macroeconomic forecasts. We produce real time out-of-sample forecasts for inflation, the unemployment rate and the interest rate using a Time-Varying Coefficients VAR with Stochastic Volatility (TV-VAR) for the US. The model generates accurate predictions for the three variables. In particular for inflation the TVVAR outperforms, in terms of mean square forecast error, all the competing models: fixed coefficients VARs, Time-Varying ARs and the na¨ýve random walk model. These results are also shown to hold over the most recent period in which it has been hard to forecast inflation.

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Paper provided by Central Bank of Ireland in its series Research Technical Papers with number 8/RT/09.

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Length: 29 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cbi:wpaper:8/rt/09
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  16. Timothy Cogley & Giorgio E. Primiceri & Thomas J. Sargent, 2010. "Inflation-Gap Persistence in the US," American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, American Economic Association, vol. 2(1), pages 43-69, January.
  17. Todd E. Clark & Michael W. McCracken, 2007. "Forecasting with small macroeconomic VARs in the presence of instabilities," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2007-41, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  18. David H. Romer & Christina D. Romer, 2000. "Federal Reserve Information and the Behavior of Interest Rates," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(3), pages 429-457, June.
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