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A panel data approach to economic forecasting: the bias-corrected average forecast

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  • Lima, Luiz Renato Regis de Oliveira
  • Issler, João Victor

Abstract

In this paper, we propose a novel approach to econometric forecasting of stationary and ergodic time series within a panel-data framework. Our key element is to employ the (feasible) bias-corrected average forecast. Using panel-data sequential asymptotics we show that it is potentially superior to other techniques in several contexts. In particular, it is asymptotically equivalent to the conditional expectation, i.e., has an optimal limiting mean-squared error. We also develop a zeromean test for the average bias and discuss the forecast-combination puzzle in small and large samples. Monte-Carlo simulations are conducted to evaluate the performance of the feasible bias-corrected average forecast in finite samples. An empirical exercise based upon data from a well known survey is also presented. Overall, theoretical and empirical results show promise for the feasible bias-corrected average forecast.

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  • Lima, Luiz Renato Regis de Oliveira & Issler, João Victor, 2008. "A panel data approach to economic forecasting: the bias-corrected average forecast," FGV/EPGE Economics Working Papers (Ensaios Economicos da EPGE) 668, FGV/EPGE - Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
  • Handle: RePEc:fgv:epgewp:668
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    Cited by:

    1. Gaglianone, Wagner Piazza & Lima, Luiz Renato & Linton, Oliver & Smith, Daniel R., 2011. "Evaluating Value-at-Risk Models via Quantile Regression," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 29(1), pages 150-160.
    2. Poncela, Pilar & Rodríguez, Julio & Sánchez-Mangas, Rocío & Senra, Eva, 2011. "Forecast combination through dimension reduction techniques," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 27(2), pages 224-237, April.
    3. Colino, Evelyn V. & Irwin, Scott H. & Garcia, Philip, 2009. "Do Composite Procedures Really Improve the Accuracy of Outlook Forecasts?," 2009 Conference, April 20-21, 2009, St. Louis, Missouri 53052, NCCC-134 Conference on Applied Commodity Price Analysis, Forecasting, and Market Risk Management.
    4. repec:spr:empeco:v:53:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1007_s00181-016-1163-8 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Baltagi, Badi H., 2013. "Panel Data Forecasting," Handbook of Economic Forecasting, Elsevier.
    6. Wagner Piazza Gaglianone & Luiz Renato Lima, 2014. "Constructing Optimal Density Forecasts From Point Forecast Combinations," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 29(5), pages 736-757, August.
    7. Marcelo C. Medeiros & Eduardo F. Mendes, 2015. "l1-Regularization of High-Dimensional Time-Series Models with Flexible Innovations," Textos para discussão 636, Department of Economics PUC-Rio (Brazil).
    8. Atak, Alev & Linton, Oliver & Xiao, Zhijie, 2011. "A semiparametric panel model for unbalanced data with application to climate change in the United Kingdom," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 164(1), pages 92-115, September.
    9. Wagner Piazza Gaglianone & João Victor Issler, 2014. "Microfounded Forecasting," Working Papers Series 372, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.
    10. repec:hal:journl:peer-00844810 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Issler, João Victor & Rodrigues, Claudia & Burjack, Rafael, 2014. "Using common features to understand the behavior of metal-commodity prices and forecast them at different horizons," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 310-335.
    12. Medeiros, Marcelo C. & Mendes, Eduardo F., 2016. "ℓ1-regularization of high-dimensional time-series models with non-Gaussian and heteroskedastic errors," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 191(1), pages 255-271.
    13. Emerson Fernandes Marçal & Eli Hadad Junior, 2016. "Is It Possible to Beat the Random Walk Model in Exchange Rate Forecasting? More Evidence for Brazilian Case," Brazilian Review of Finance, Brazilian Society of Finance, vol. 14(1), pages 65-88.
    14. Conrad, Christian, 2017. "When does information on forecast variance improve the performance of a combined forecast?," Annual Conference 2017 (Vienna): Alternative Structures for Money and Banking 168200, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    15. Marcelo C. Medeiros & Eduardo F. Mendes, 2012. "Estimating High-Dimensional Time Series Models," CREATES Research Papers 2012-37, Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University.
    16. Antoine Mandel & Amir Sani, 2016. "Learning Time-Varying Forecast Combinations," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne 16036, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne.
    17. Kajal Lahiri & Huaming Peng & Xuguang Sheng, 2015. "Measuring Uncertainty of a Combined Forecast and Some Tests for Forecaster Heterogeneity," CESifo Working Paper Series 5468, CESifo Group Munich.
    18. Colino, Evelyn V. & Irwin, Scott H. & Garcia, Philip & Etienne, Xiaoli, 2012. "Composite and Outlook Forecast Accuracy," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 37(2), August.
    19. repec:fgv:epgewp:736 is not listed on IDEAS
    20. Antoine Mandel & Amir Sani, 2017. "A Machine Learning Approach to the Forecast Combination Puzzle," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-01317974, HAL.
    21. Wagner Piazza Gaglianone & João Victor Issler & Silvia Maria Matos, 2017. "Applying a microfounded-forecasting approach to predict Brazilian inflation," Empirical Economics, Springer, pages 137-163.

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